1,236 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dynamically evolving novel overlapping gene as a factor in the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

    Chase W Nelson et al.
    A novel, overlapping, putatively functional gene in SARS-CoV-2, ORF3d, is absent from close relatives of SARS-CoV-2 and may have contributed to the biology, emergence, or spread of the virus.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Escape from neutralizing antibodies by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein variants

    Yiska Weisblum et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike variants that resist neutralization by therapeutic antibodies or convalescent plasma can be generated in the laboratory and exist at low frequency in natural populations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    SARS-CoV-2 strategically mimics proteolytic activation of human ENaC

    Praveen Anand et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 has evolved to cleverly mimic the FURIN-cleavage site in human ENaC-α, unlike any prior coronavirus strain, shedding new light on the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry upon blocking N- and O-glycan elaboration

    Qi Yang et al.
    A critical role for glycosylation on viral entry and methods to use this knowledge to reduce SARS-CoV-2 infectivity has been demonstrated.
    1. Medicine

    Sensitivity of ID NOW and RT–PCR for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in an ambulatory population

    Yuan-Po Tu et al.
    Although the ID NOW platform is less sensitive than RT–PCR for identification of SARS-CoV-2 infection, it provides high positive and negative predictive values in low-prevalence populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Saliva TwoStep for rapid detection of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers

    Qing Yang et al.
    A quick and portable test makes saliva samples turn yellow when people are carrying SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Spike D614G mutation increases SARS-CoV-2 infection of multiple human cell types

    Zharko Daniloski et al.
    A pervasive mutation in the Spike protein of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 results in virions that are up to eightfold more infectious.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Screening of healthcare workers for SARS-CoV-2 highlights the role of asymptomatic carriage in COVID-19 transmission

    Lucy Rivett et al.
    3% of >1,000 asymptomatic healthcare workers in their workplace tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, suggesting that comprehensive screening programmes are vital to prevent acquisition of COVID-19 in hospitals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genomic and healthcare dynamics of nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 transmission

    Jamie M Ellingford et al.
    Characterisation of SARS-CoV-2 genomic divergence in healthcare-associated outbreaks demonstrates that the inclusion of healthcare workers in contact networks identifies additional links in SARS-CoV-2 transmission pathways.

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