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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    SARS-CoV-2 S protein:ACE2 interaction reveals novel allosteric targets

    Palur V Raghuvamsi et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binding to receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 allosterically enhances furin proteolysis at distal S1/S2 cleavage sites.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    COVID-19 CG enables SARS-CoV-2 mutation and lineage tracking by locations and dates of interest

    Albert Tian Chen et al.
    COVID-19 CG is an open source web resource that allows vaccine, therapeutics, and diagnostics developers to track SARS-CoV-2 mutations and lineages by location and time.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effective control of SARS-CoV-2 transmission between healthcare workers during a period of diminished community prevalence of COVID-19

    Nick K Jones et al.
    Diminished incidence of COVID-19 amongst healthcare workers in a comprehensive screening programme demonstrates how effective infection control measures and staff testing can prevent hospitals becoming independent 'hubs' of SARS-CoV-2 transmission.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early postmortem mapping of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with COVID-19 and the correlation with tissue damage

    Stefanie Deinhardt-Emmer et al.
    Early postmortem autopsy of COVID-19 patients shows high viral loads and damage of the lung, although extrapulmonary cells demonstrate no injury, they contribute to inflammation, hyper-coagulation, and multiple organ dysfunction.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral load and contact heterogeneity predict SARS-CoV-2 transmission and super-spreading events

    Ashish Goyal et al.
    A mathematical model was used to establish a simple conceptual basis for why super-spreader events fundamentally drive the spread of SARS-CoV-2 but not influenza.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single-dose BNT162b2 vaccine protects against asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection

    Nick K Jones et al.
    A fourfold reduction in the rate of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers ≥12 days after a single dose of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) has been found.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Longitudinal high-throughput TCR repertoire profiling reveals the dynamics of T-cell memory formation after mild COVID-19 infection

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    Longitudinal tracking of individual T-cell clones reveals the expansion of pre-existing T-cell memory in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The contribution of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections to transmission on the Diamond Princess cruise ship

    Jon C Emery et al.
    Nearly 75% of SARS-CoV-2 infections on the Diamond Princess were asymptomatic, half were never detected, and asymptomatic infections may have contributed substantially to transmission.