3,266 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetry of movements in CFTR's two ATP sites during pore opening serves their distinct functions

    Ben Sorum et al.
    In the CFTR chloride channel, ATP bound in the catalytic site promotes pore opening, whereas ATP bound in the non-catalytic site supports unidirectional conformational cycling by preventing pore closure without ATP hydrolysis in the catalytic site.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational and dynamic plasticity in substrate-binding proteins underlies selective transport in ABC importers

    Marijn de Boer et al.
    Selective import via bacterial ABC importers is facilitated by a hitherto unrecognized complexity in the conformational dynamics of the substrate-binding proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based characterization of novel TRPV5 inhibitors

    Taylor ET Hughes et al.
    Structure-based virtual screening reveals multiple novel TRPV5 inhibitors that bind and exert their effect from previously unidentified binding sites as characterized by cryo-electron microscopy and electrophysiology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signal integration at spherical bushy cells enhances representation of temporal structure but limits its range

    Christian Keine et al.
    Inhibition reduces the neuronal representation of acoustic signals to enhance temporal precision in the auditory brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural heterogeneity of layer 4 excitatory synaptic boutons in the adult human temporal lobe neocortex

    Rachida Yakoubi et al.
    Neocortical synapses in layer 4 of the human temporal lobe neocortex were quantitatively characterized, at the subcellular level, using high-end, high-resolution electron microscopy and 3D-volume reconstructions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric fine-tuning of the conformational equilibrium poises the chaperone BiP for post-translational regulation

    Lukasz Wieteska et al.
    The molecular chaperone BIP from the endoplasmic reticulum is fine-tuned postranslationally through the thermodynamic and kinetic alterations in its conformational ensemble of functionally and structurally distinct physiological forms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Super-resolution imaging of synaptic and Extra-synaptic AMPA receptors with different-sized fluorescent probes

    Sang Hak Lee et al.
    Small probes show that most AMPA receptors are constrained near or in the synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition in the auditory brainstem enhances signal representation and regulates gain in complex acoustic environments

    Christian Keine et al.
    Inhibition in the brainstem has further roles beyond temporal sharpening and improves reproduction for a multitude of sounds.

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