146 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for diguanylate cyclase activation by its binding partner in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Gukui Chen et al.
    The diguanylate cyclase activity of SiaD is activated by its binding partner SiaC thourgh a dynamic mechanism of promoting the formation of active SiaD dimers.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structural basis for membrane recruitment of ATG16L1 by WIPI2 in autophagy

    Lisa M Strong et al.
    The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    CEP78 functions downstream of CEP350 to control biogenesis of primary cilia by negatively regulating CP110 levels

    André Brás Gonçalves et al.
    Analysis of mutant cells combined with biochemical experiments reveals that CEP78 is recruited to the centrosome by CEP350 and regulates ciliogenesis and ciliary length control through CP110-dependent and CP110-independent mechanisms, respectively.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Association of human breast cancer CD44-/CD24- cells with delayed distant metastasis

    Xinbo Qiao et al.
    CD44-/CD24- breast cancer cells contribute to delayed postoperative distant metastasis by their spontaneous conversion into CD44+/CD24- breast cancer stem cells (CSCs).
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cavin3 released from caveolae interacts with BRCA1 to regulate the cellular stress response

    Kerrie-Ann McMahon et al.
    Cavin3 associates with BRCA1 upon disassembly of caveolae in response to mechanical and non-mechanical stressors to influence DNA repair and apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Akt phosphorylates insulin receptor substrate to limit PI3K-mediated PIP3 synthesis

    Alison L Kearney et al.
    Akt phosphorylates insulin receptor substrate to engage negative feedback and limit signal propagation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A chimeric nuclease substitutes a phage CRISPR-Cas system to provide sequence-specific immunity against subviral parasites

    Zachary K Barth et al.
    Horizontal transfer of a sequence-specific DNA-binding domain allows a virus to destroy its subviral parasite and overcome parasite-mediated restriction.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Inbreeding in a dioecious plant has sex- and population origin-specific effects on its interactions with pollinators

    Karin Schrieber et al.
    Inbreeding compromises floral traits and reduces pollinator visitation rates disproportionally in female relative to male individuals in a dioecious plant and may thus interfere with the equilibrium of a complex co-evolutionary plant-insect relationship.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Competitive binding of STATs to receptor phospho-Tyr motifs accounts for altered cytokine responses

    Stephan Wilmes et al.
    IL-27 exerts differential activation of STAT1 and STAT3 via IL-27Ra and GP130, respectively, leading to a kinetic decoupling of its gene expression program, which contributes to tune its immuno-modulatory activities.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Divergence in alternative polyadenylation contributes to gene regulatory differences between humans and chimpanzees

    Briana E Mittleman et al.
    A comparative analysis of human and chimpanzee polyadenylation site usage establishes alternative polyadenylation as another key mechanism underlying the genetic regulation of transcript and protein expression levels in primates.

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