1,051 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Substrate specificity of TOR complex 2 is determined by a ubiquitin-fold domain of the Sin1 subunit

    Hisashi Tatebe et al.
    Sin1, a regulatory subunit of TOR protein kinase, has an evolutionarily conserved domain that specifically binds and recruits substrate for phosphorylation, and may represent a potential target for anti-cancer drugs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Increased processing of SINE B2 ncRNAs unveils a novel type of transcriptome deregulation in amyloid beta neuropathology

    Yubo Cheng et al.
    SINE RNAs are implicated in amyloid beta molecular pathology in hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s disease risk gene BIN1 induces Tau-dependent network hyperexcitability

    Yuliya Voskobiynyk et al.
    BIN1 forms a complex with Tau and voltage-gated calcium channels in neurons, and higher BIN1 levels promote neuronal activity, calcium influx, and bursting that is blocked by reducing Tau.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dissecting the pre-placodal transcriptome to reveal presumptive direct targets of Six1 and Eya1 in cranial placodes

    Nick Riddiford, Gerhard Schlosser
    RNA sequencing of the African clawed frog has identified hundreds of putative direct Six1 and Eya1 target genes, including transcriptional regulators of neuronal progenitors and neuronal/sensory differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    SPIN1 promotes tumorigenesis by blocking the uL18 (universal large ribosomal subunit protein 18)-MDM2-p53 pathway in human cancer

    Ziling Fang et al.
    SPIN1, a nucleolar protein, plays an oncogenic role by suppressing the tumor suppressor p53's function via regulation of the uL18-MDM2-p53 pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An unexpected role for the yeast nucleotide exchange factor Sil1 as a reductant acting on the molecular chaperone BiP

    Kevin D Siegenthaler et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), it is shown that the nucleotide exchange factor of the chaperone BiP (Sil1) unexpectedly facilitates the reduction of oxidized BiP.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Systems biology derived source-sink mechanism of BMP gradient formation

    Joseph Zinski et al.
    Embryo-wide quantitative analysis of BMP signaling in zebrafish embryos, combined with a mathematical model-based computational screen, challenges the prevailing model of an antagonist counter-gradient shaping the gastrula BMP morphogen gradient and supports an antagonist sink with BMP diffusion mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian LINC complex component SUN1 regulates muscle regeneration by modulating drosha activity

    Tsui Han Loo et al.
    The LINC complex, that couples the interphase cytoskeleton to the nucleus, regulates the processing of a cluster of miRNAs required for muscle regeneration by recruiting and interacting directly with Drosha.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Unmasking coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor

    John R Strikwerda, Steven M Sine
    Mutating a highly conserved intramembrane salt bridge unmasks structural and functional coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell type composition and circuit organization of clonally related excitatory neurons in the juvenile mouse neocortex

    Cathryn R Cadwell et al.
    Excitatory cortical neurons with a shared developmental lineage are transcriptomically diverse and preferentially connect to each other vertically, across cortical layers, but not laterally within the same layer.

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