613 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Specific Eph receptor-cytoplasmic effector signaling mediated by SAM–SAM domain interactions

    Yue Wang et al.
    Comparative structural studies reveal how the cytoplasmic tails of Eph receptors can differentiate different downstream target proteins via highly specific SAM–SAM domain interactions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tuning of in vivo cognate B-T cell interactions by Intersectin 2 is required for effective anti-viral B cell immunity

    Marianne Burbage et al.
    Intersectin2 deficiency is associated with impaired humoral responses to viral infection and B-cell-intrisic defects in germinal centre formation, resulting from the reduced ability of intersectin2-KO B cells to establish cognate interactions with helper T cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SLAMF6​ deficiency augments tumor killing and skews toward an effector phenotype revealing it as a novel T cell checkpoint

    Emma Hajaj et al.
    SLAMF6 is an inhibitory checkpoint of T cells, the lack of which leads to better tumor control, suggesting a new immunotherapy target.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Misfolded proteins bind and activate death receptor 5 to trigger apoptosis during unresolved endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Mable Lam et al.
    Death receptor 5 can directly sense misfolded proteins downstream of the endoplasmic reticulum to provide a quality control mechanism that executes apoptosis and prevents further production of misfolded proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New capsaicin analogs as molecular rulers to define the permissive conformation of the mouse TRPV1 ligand-binding pocket

    Simon Vu et al.
    Novel capsaicin analogs with conserved chemistry but varying sizes were used as molecular rulers to investigate energetics of conformational changes in the ligand-binding pocket and mechanisms of TRPV1 ligand-gating.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epsin deficiency impairs endocytosis by stalling the actin-dependent invagination of endocytic clathrin-coated pits

    Mirko Messa et al.
    Epsin has a key role in the coupling of actin to endocytic clathrin coated pits that is required for their maturation and helps capture SNAREs at endocytic clathrin coated pits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.

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