10,093 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous activation of visual pigments in relation to openness/closedness of chromophore-binding pocket

    Wendy Wing Sze Yue et al.
    Visual pigments with a longer peak-absorption wavelength or an open chromophore-binding pocket are generally noisier, being more prone to spontaneous activity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    E proteins sharpen neurogenesis by modulating proneural bHLH transcription factors’ activity in an E-box-dependent manner

    Gwenvael Le Dréau et al.
    Rather than acting as passive and neutral co-factors for proneural proteins, E proteins play an active role in modulating the way the distinct proneural proteins instruct neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns

    Jermyn Z See et al.
    Auditory cortical columns contain small subsets of neurons with highly synchronous activity (cNEs) that create robust sequences of coordinated activity suitable for enhanced information processing and signal transmission beyond the capability of individual neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

    George BJ Busby et al.
    Gene flow analysis reveals that the genomes of most sub-Saharan populations are the result of recent historical admixture events.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurora kinase A localises to mitochondria to control organelle dynamics and energy production

    Giulia Bertolin et al.
    AurkA is imported into mitochondria at interphase, and it induces organelle elongation and enhances ATP production when over-expressed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Folding behavior of a T-shaped, ribosome-binding translation enhancer implicated in a wide-spread conformational switch

    My-Tra Le et al.
    Folding and unfolding pathways are described for a ribosome-binding 3' cap-independent translation enhancer at the center of a conformational rearrangement that is implicated in the transition from translation to replication of an RNA virus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogenetic dissection of the Drosophila lateral horn reveals major outputs, diverse behavioural functions, and interactions with the mushroom body

    Michael-John Dolan et al.
    The generation and systematic characterisation of driver lines labelling a large number of neurons in the Drosophila innate olfactory processing centre bridges electron microscopy neuronal reconstructions, circuits and behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    wtf genes are prolific dual poison-antidote meiotic drivers

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    Selfish wtf meiotic drive genes use overlapping transcripts to encode both a trans-acting poison to kill gametes that do not inherit the gene and a gamete-autonomous antidote to specifically rescue the gametes that do.

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