2,085 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Specific Eph receptor-cytoplasmic effector signaling mediated by SAM–SAM domain interactions

    Yue Wang et al.
    Comparative structural studies reveal how the cytoplasmic tails of Eph receptors can differentiate different downstream target proteins via highly specific SAM–SAM domain interactions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulation strength controls the rate of initiation but not the molecular organisation of TCR-induced signalling

    Claire Y Ma et al.
    The strength of TCR signalling determines the rate at which cells initiate a tightly coordinated signalling programme, without altering its organization.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Diverse deep-sea anglerfishes share a genetically reduced luminous symbiont that is acquired from the environment

    Lydia J Baker et al.
    Environmental transmission is atypical of symbionts that have undergone genome degradation, yet genetically reduced deep-sea anglerfish symbionts likely persist in the deep sea biome in search of a new host.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Matriptase activation of Gq drives epithelial disruption and inflammation via RSK and DUOX

    Jiajia Ma et al.
    The serine protease Matriptase orchestrates simultaneous epithelial cell motility and inflammation in pathological states through respective activation of the MAPK pathway and generation of hydrogen peroxide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic GABAB receptors functionally uncouple somatostatin interneurons from the active hippocampal network

    Sam A Booker et al.
    Presynaptic GABAB receptors are highly expressed and strongly suppress synaptic transmission at the input and output of hippocampal somatostatin interneurons.
  1. Eph and Ephrin function in dispersal and epithelial insertion of pigmented immunocytes in sea urchin embryos

    Oliver A Krupke et al.
    Eph receptor signaling commonly excludes migrating embryonic cells from regions of high ligand density; however, in sea urchin embryos pigmented immunocytes are attracted to regions expressing high levels of Ephrin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Early asymmetric cues triggering the dorsal/ventral gene regulatory network of the sea urchin embryo

    Vincenzo Cavalieri, Giovanni Spinelli
    During early embryogenesis of the sea urchin, asymmetrical positioning of the dorsal/ventral organizer relies upon the suppression of organizer activities in dorsal blastomeres by the Hbox12 homeodomain-containing repressor.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deployment of a retinal determination gene network drives directed cell migration in the sea urchin embryo

    Megan L Martik, David R McClay
    The gene regulatory network controlling directed cell migration in a sea urchin is strikingly similar to a sub-circuit for eye development in Drosophila, suggesting that ancient systems-level controls may be adapted for diverse functions in different animals.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SAM homeostasis is regulated by CFIm-mediated splicing of MAT2A

    Anna M Scarborough et al.
    The 3'-end formation complex CFIm regulates S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) homeostasis by promoting the splicing of the SAM synthetase transcript, MAT2A.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of a phage-encoded SAM lyase revises catalytic function of enzyme family

    Xiaohu Guo et al.
    The first structure of a bacteriophage-encoded S-adenosyl methionine degrading enzyme was solved and demonstrated to catalyze a unimolecular lyase reaction occurring at the domain interface of a trimeric structure.

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