529 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    WNT signaling memory is required for ACTIVIN to function as a morphogen in human gastruloids

    Anna Yoney et al.
    The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The testis protein ZNF165 is a SMAD3 cofactor that coordinates oncogenic TGFβ signaling in triple-negative breast cancer

    Zane A Gibbs et al.
    Anomalous expression of the testis protein ZNF165 in cancer cells promotes assembly of a neomorphic transcriptional complex that modulates transcription of TGFβ target genes to support tumor cell survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Methotrexate attenuates vascular inflammation through an adenosine-microRNA-dependent pathway

    Dafeng Yang et al.
    Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A low affinity cis-regulatory BMP response element restricts target gene activation to subsets of Drosophila neurons

    Anthony JE Berndt et al.
    DNA motifs tuned for low affinity binding of BMP-induced pMad/Medea transcription factors function to restrict gene activation to small subsets of the many Drosophila neurons that exhibit active BMP signaling.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Smad4 restricts differentiation to promote expansion of satellite cell derived progenitors during skeletal muscle regeneration

    Nicole D Paris et al.
    Ablation of canonical TGFβ signaling in muscle stem cells at any age is detrimental, and not beneficial, to effective skeletal muscle regeneration due to the promotion of premature fate commitment at the expense of progenitor amplification.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reactivation of a developmental Bmp2 signaling center is required for therapeutic control of the murine periosteal niche

    Valerie S Salazar et al.
    A periosteal Bmp2 signaling center couples bone length to bone width during development and must be reactivated by clinical bone anabolic therapies to reduce fracture risk and accelerate fracture repair.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Osteocalcin expressing cells from tendon sheaths in mice contribute to tendon repair by activating Hedgehog signaling

    Yi Wang et al.
    Cells in tendon sheaths, considered to be extrinsic tissues of tendon, possess stem or progenitor cell properties that are involved in tendon repair by activating the Hh-TGFb/Smad3 axis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hippo signaling determines the number of venous pole cells that originate from the anterior lateral plate mesoderm in zebrafish

    Hajime Fukui et al.
    The Hippo signaling restricts the number of SHF cardiomyocytes in the venous pole by negatively regulating Bmp-Smad signaling in the cells of lateral plate mesoderm.

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