177 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Two locus inheritance of non-syndromic midline craniosynostosis via rare SMAD6 and common BMP2 alleles

    Andrew T Timberlake et al.
    Epistatic interactions of rare loss of function mutations in SMAD6 and a common variant modifier near BMP2 are the most common cause of midline craniosynostosis in humans.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Smad4 restricts differentiation to promote expansion of satellite cell derived progenitors during skeletal muscle regeneration

    Nicole D Paris et al.
    Ablation of canonical TGFβ signaling in muscle stem cells at any age is detrimental, and not beneficial, to effective skeletal muscle regeneration due to the promotion of premature fate commitment at the expense of progenitor amplification.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct responses to reduplicated chromosomes require distinct Mad2 responses

    Benjamin M Stormo, Donald T Fox
    Mitosis of reduplicated chromosomes is under careful regulation and can be perfectly executed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TRIP13 is a protein-remodeling AAA+ ATPase that catalyzes MAD2 conformation switching

    Qiaozhen Ye et al.
    TRIP13 inactivates the spindle assembly checkpoint by converting MAD2 from its active ‘closed’ state to its inactive ‘open’ state.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    WNT signaling memory is required for ACTIVIN to function as a morphogen in human gastruloids

    Anna Yoney et al.
    The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tissue damage drives co-localization of NF-κB, Smad3, and Nrf2 to direct Rev-erb sensitive wound repair in mouse macrophages

    Dawn Z Eichenfield et al.
    Combinatorial signaling leads to transcription factor co-localization at Rev-erb sensitive enhancers, enabling a diversified cellular response to complex stimuli.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Osteocalcin expressing cells from tendon sheaths in mice contribute to tendon repair by activating Hedgehog signaling

    Yi Wang et al.
    Cells in tendon sheaths, considered to be extrinsic tissues of tendon, possess stem or progenitor cell properties that are involved in tendon repair by activating the Hh-TGFb/Smad3 axis.

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