232 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Two locus inheritance of non-syndromic midline craniosynostosis via rare SMAD6 and common BMP2 alleles

    Andrew T Timberlake et al.
    Epistatic interactions of rare loss of function mutations in SMAD6 and a common variant modifier near BMP2 are the most common cause of midline craniosynostosis in humans.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Smad4 restricts differentiation to promote expansion of satellite cell derived progenitors during skeletal muscle regeneration

    Nicole D Paris et al.
    Ablation of canonical TGFβ signaling in muscle stem cells at any age is detrimental, and not beneficial, to effective skeletal muscle regeneration due to the promotion of premature fate commitment at the expense of progenitor amplification.
    1. Cell Biology

    GAS5 protects against osteoporosis by targeting UPF1/SMAD7 axis in osteoblast differentiation

    Ming Li et al.
    GAS5 is related to osteoporosis by regulating the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells that acts as a promising treatment target for osteoporosis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The testis protein ZNF165 is a SMAD3 cofactor that coordinates oncogenic TGFβ signaling in triple-negative breast cancer

    Zane A Gibbs et al.
    Anomalous expression of the testis protein ZNF165 in cancer cells promotes assembly of a neomorphic transcriptional complex that modulates transcription of TGFβ target genes to support tumor cell survival.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    WNT signaling memory is required for ACTIVIN to function as a morphogen in human gastruloids

    Anna Yoney et al.
    The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tissue damage drives co-localization of NF-κB, Smad3, and Nrf2 to direct Rev-erb sensitive wound repair in mouse macrophages

    Dawn Z Eichenfield et al.
    Combinatorial signaling leads to transcription factor co-localization at Rev-erb sensitive enhancers, enabling a diversified cellular response to complex stimuli.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Methotrexate attenuates vascular inflammation through an adenosine-microRNA-dependent pathway

    Dafeng Yang et al.
    Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.

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