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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuroblast-specific open chromatin allows the temporal transcription factor, Hunchback, to bind neuroblast-specific loci

    Sonia Q Sen et al.
    Spatial factors generate neuroblast-specific open chromatin, thereby biasing the subsequent binding of transcription factors to produce neuroblast-specific neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-cell multiomic profiling of human lungs reveals cell-type-specific and age-dynamic control of SARS-CoV2 host genes

    Allen Wang et al.
    Generation of a human lung single nucleus ATAC-seq and single nucleus RNA-seq datasets reveals candidate cis-regulatory elements that advance knowledge on gene expression control in normal and diseased lungs.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Functionally heterogeneous human satellite cells identified by single cell RNA sequencing

    Emilie Barruet et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing leads to identification and separation of transcriptionally and functionally heterogeneous, natural human satellite cells, including a subpopulation marked by CAV1 harboring quiescence phenotypes and engraftment potential.
    1. Cell Biology

    Lysosome activity is modulated by multiple longevity pathways and is important for lifespan extension in C. elegans

    Yanan Sun et al.
    Cell biological and genetic studies reveal age-associated alterations of lysosomes and modulation of lysosomal activity by longevity pathways.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Eukaryotic initiation factor EIF-3.G augments mRNA translation efficiency to regulate neuronal activity

    Stephen M Blazie et al.
    The eIF3 translation initiation complex exerts specific regulation on neuronal protein levels by targeting mRNAs with GC-rich 5' UTR.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal role for the subthalamic nucleus in interrupting behavior

    Kathryn H Fife et al.
    Activation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) pauses or disrupts behavior, while STN inhibition reduces the disruptive effects of surprise, indicating that STN activation is both sufficient and necessary for behavioral inhibition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A low Smc flux avoids collisions and facilitates chromosome organization in Bacillus subtilis

    Anna Anchimiuk et al.
    Bacterial chromosome folding by DNA loop extrusion is here shown to rely on avoidance of SMC collisions by low SMC abundance, clustering of loading sites, efficient translocation, and rare unloading.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Endoplasmic reticulum-associated SKN-1A/Nrf1 mediates a cytoplasmic unfolded protein response and promotes longevity

    Nicolas J Lehrbach, Gary Ruvkun
    SKN-1A/Nrf1 promotes healthy aging by activating protein degradation in response to accumulation of misfolded proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the recognition of spliceosomal SmN/B/B’ proteins by the RBM5 OCRE domain in splicing regulation

    André Mourão et al.
    Interactions with Sm proteins can provide a way in which regulatory factors can modulate alternative splice site choices.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SM proteins Sly1 and Vps33 co-assemble with Sec17 and SNARE complexes to oppose SNARE disassembly by Sec18

    Braden T Lobingier et al.
    Sec1/Munc18 (SM) proteins shield SNARE complexes from NSF/Sec18-mediated disassembly through cooperative binding interactions with SNARE complexes and the universal co-chaperone α-SNAP/Sec17.