2,752 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1 controls imprinting in the endosperm by binding to domesticated transposons

    Rita A Batista et al.
    Jumping of transposable elements provides DNA-binding sites for the MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1, allowing the regulation of imprinted genes and other key endosperm development genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Free-energy simulations reveal molecular mechanism for functional switch of a DNA helicase

    Wen Ma et al.
    Integration of structural bioinformatics and free-energy simulations reveals how a helicase switches its function from unwinding to rezipping DNA, during which a key metastable conformation is predicted and verified by single-molecule measurements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans protein SAS-5 forms large oligomeric assemblies critical for centriole formation

    Kacper B Rogala et al.
    SAS-5 forms oligomers, through a trimeric coiled coil and novel dimeric domain, that are necessary for centriolar localisation of SAS-5 and for centriole duplication.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-cell analysis of transcription kinetics across the cell cycle

    Samuel O Skinner et al.
    By properly accounting for gene copy number and cell-cycle effects, single cell snapshots of nascent and mature mRNA can be used to unveil the stochastic kinetics of gene activity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancient yet flexible cis-regulatory architecture allows localized Hedgehog tuning by patched/Ptch1

    David S Lorberbaum et al.
    The seemingly simple, constitutive response of the patched/Ptch1 gene to Hedgehog signaling is in fact regulated by large batteries of context-specific Hedgehog-responsive enhancers in both fly and mouse, allowing tissue-specific tuning of the Hedgehog pathway in animal development and evolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal regulation of autophagy during Caenorhabditis elegans aging

    Jessica T Chang et al.
    Autophagic flux assays in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans suggest that autophagy decreases during normal aging, whereas long-lived daf-2 and glp-1 mutants maintain autophagic capacity in distinct spatiotemporal-specific manners to extend lifespan.

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