951 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    SPIN1 promotes tumorigenesis by blocking the uL18 (universal large ribosomal subunit protein 18)-MDM2-p53 pathway in human cancer

    Ziling Fang et al.
    SPIN1, a nucleolar protein, plays an oncogenic role by suppressing the tumor suppressor p53's function via regulation of the uL18-MDM2-p53 pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Substrate specificity of TOR complex 2 is determined by a ubiquitin-fold domain of the Sin1 subunit

    Hisashi Tatebe et al.
    Sin1, a regulatory subunit of TOR protein kinase, has an evolutionarily conserved domain that specifically binds and recruits substrate for phosphorylation, and may represent a potential target for anti-cancer drugs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Notochord: Patterning the spine

    Matthew P Harris, Gloria Arratia
    Experiments have shed new light on the development of the spine in zebrafish.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Palmitoylation of LIM Kinase-1 ensures spine-specific actin polymerization and morphological plasticity

    Joju George et al.
    The protein-lipid modification palmitoylation targets the kinase LIMK1 to dendritic spines to ensure precise control of the size of individual spines in response to synaptic activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin enhances activation of dendritic Kv4 K+ channels in striatal spiny projection neurons

    Luis Carrillo-Reid et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, striatal spiny projection neurons up-regulate dendritic potassium channels, which impairs their normal function, but a zinc finger gene therapy can reverse this deficit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Macrophages are necessary for epimorphic regeneration in African spiny mice

    Jennifer Simkin et al.
    Inflammatory cells differentially regulate a scarring versus a regenerating response to injury in mammals.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    T-ALL leukemia stem cell 'stemness' is epigenetically controlled by the master regulator SPI1

    Haichuan Zhu et al.
    The identification of key determinants of LSC “stemness” and LSC differentiation that is reversible through an epigenetic mechanism may have considerable implications in understanding leukemia and designing effective therapies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordination of planar cell polarity pathways through Spiny-legs

    Abhijit A Ambegaonkar, Kenneth D Irvine
    A direct connection between distinct planar cell polarity systems orients cells, answering long-standing questions regarding the relationship between systems and the orientation of cell polarity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TOR Signaling: A central role for a region in the middle

    Edward Stuttfeld et al.
    A domain called the 'Conserved region in the middle' is responsible for target recognition in the TORC2 complex in fission yeast and the mTORC2 complex in mammals.
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