51 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BHLHE40, a third transcription factor required for insulin induction of SREBP-1c mRNA in rodent liver

    Jing Tian et al.
    Biochemical and genetic studies reveal a third transcription factor, BHLHE40, that together with LXR and C/EBPβ mediates insulin induction of SREBP-1c, which in turn leads to triglyceride accumulation in liver.
    1. Cell Biology

    Prolyl dihydroxylation of unassembled uS12/Rps23 regulates fungal hypoxic adaptation

    Sara J Clasen et al.
    The protein uS12/Rps23 functions extra-ribosomally to control oxygen homeostasis in fission yeast.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis through RNF145-dependent ubiquitination of SCAP

    Li Zhang et al.
    The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF145 is shown to contribute to crosstalk between the LXR and SREBP-2 pathways in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
    Insight
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Frataxin induces iron toxicity, sphingolipid synthesis, and Pdk1/Mef2 activation, leading to neurodegeneration

    Kuchuan Chen et al.
    In Drosophila, the loss of Frataxin causes iron accumulation in the nervous system, which in turn enhances sphingolipid synthesis and activation of PDK1 and Mef2, which leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SEC24A deficiency lowers plasma cholesterol through reduced PCSK9 secretion

    Xiao-Wei Chen et al.
    COPII vesicles regulate the metabolism of cholesterol through the selective transport of secretory proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Lamin B receptor is essential for cholesterol synthesis and perturbed by disease-causing mutations

    Pei-Ling Tsai et al.
    Lamin B receptor may provide a long-sought model system enabling unprecedented studies of protein quality control in the nuclear envelope of mammalian cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.

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