11,093 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate via multiple paths to the same state

    James Alexander Briggs et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing reveals that mouse embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into the same terminal motor neuron state via distinct differentiation paths, one of which includes a surprising intermediate state not found in embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct synaptic transfer functions in same-type photoreceptors

    Cornelius Schröder et al.
    The ribbon synapses of zebrafish UV-cone photoreceptors preferentially transmit transient or sustained components in light-stimuli depending on their location in the eye.
    1. Neuroscience

    Similar synapse elimination motifs at successive relays in the same efferent pathway during development in mice

    Shu-Hsien Sheu et al.
    A similar pattern of developmental synaptic refinement leads two consecutive synaptic relays to have the same organization suggesting that some general principle of neural organization is at play.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Many lncRNAs, 5’UTRs, and pseudogenes are translated and some are likely to express functional proteins

    Zhe Ji et al.
    Thousands of "noncoding" RNAs, 5' "untranslated" regions, and pseudogenes in humans are actually translated, and some of these are likely to express functional proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of the same mGluR5 receptors in the amygdala causes divergent effects on specific versus indiscriminate fear

    Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman et al.
    Activation of the same glutamate receptor in the lateral amygdala gives rise to distinct effects on specific versus indiscriminate fear by modulating intrinsic excitability and synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prefrontal-bed nucleus of the stria terminalis circuit limits fear to uncertain threat

    Lucas R Glover et al.
    A neural circuit between the prefrontal cortex and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is shown to limit fear to cues that only partially associate with threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerating with FlyBrainLab the discovery of the functional logic of the Drosophila brain in the connectomic and synaptomic era

    Aurel A Lazar et al.
    FlyBrainLab is an open-source computing platform that integrates 3D exploration and visualization of diverse Drosophila connectomic/synaptomic datasets with interactive exploration of the functional logic of modeled executable brain circuits.
  1. Research Culture: A survey of early-career researchers in Australia

    Katherine Christian et al.
    Job insecurity is putting stress on early-career researchers in Australia, compromising their career development and potentially reducing the quality of research.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of limb development in cephalopod mollusks

    Oscar A Tarazona et al.
    Cuttlefish embryos reveal that cephalopod mollusks evolved specialized arms and tentacles by activating the same genetic circuits that control development of limbs in arthropods and vertebrates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Local chromatin environment of a Polycomb target gene instructs its own epigenetic inheritance

    Scott Berry et al.
    Two copies of a Polycomb target gene in the same cell can be maintained in independently heritable expression states, demonstrating that long-term memory of gene expression is stored locally.

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