4,786 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Induction of human somatostatin and parvalbumin neurons by expressing a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6

    Fang Yuan et al.
    Inducing expression of a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6 showed efficient generation of human parvalbumin and somatostatin interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding and control of orientation to airflow by a set of Drosophila fan-shaped body neurons

    Timothy A Currier et al.
    Electrophysiology identifies a population of fan-shaped body neurons that encode airflow in two directions relative to the fly midline and whose silencing disrupts proper orientation to airflow.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous somatostatin-expressing neuron population in mouse ventral tegmental area

    Elina Nagaeva et al.
    The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons projecting to the posterior striatum form an anatomically distinct subclass

    William Menegas et al.
    Dopamine neurons projecting to different targets receive a similar set of inputs, rather than forming reciprocal connections, whereas those projecting to the posterior striatum receive a distinct set of inputs.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A geometric attractor mechanism for self-organization of entorhinal grid modules

    Louis Kang, Vijay Balasubramanian
    The hierarchy of entorhinal grid cell modules with constant scale ratios can self-organize through a new geometrically organized attractor mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of evidence volatility on choice, reaction time and confidence in a perceptual decision

    Ariel Zylberberg et al.
    A single framework of bounded evidence accumulation resolves the seemingly paradoxical effects of noise on accuracy, reaction time and confidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in the developing visual cortex

    Wuqiang Guan et al.
    Our work demonstrated that eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission from Sst-INs and FS-INs to excitatory neurons in the mammalian cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bright multicolor labeling of neuronal circuits with fluorescent proteins and chemical tags

    Richi Sakaguchi et al.
    A bright and stochastic multicolor labeling method, Tetbow, facilitates millimeters-scale reconstructions of neuronal circuits at a large scale using tissue clearing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    3DeeCellTracker, a deep learning-based pipeline for segmenting and tracking cells in 3D time lapse images

    Chentao Wen et al.
    A deep learning-based pipeline was developed for extracting cellular signals flexibly from moving cells in 3D time lapse images, and it outperformed previous methods under different imaging conditions.

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