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    1. Cell Biology

    The mechanosensitive Piezo1 channel is required for bone formation

    Weijia Sun et al.
    Piezo1 functions as a key mechanotransducer for conferring mechanosensitivity to osteoblasts and determining mechanical-load-dependent bone formation, and represents a novel therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis or unloading-induced severe bone loss.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A conserved quality-control pathway that mediates degradation of unassembled ribosomal proteins

    Min-Kyung Sung et al.
    Tom1 is the ubiquitin ligase in yeast that anchors a protein quality control pathway that rapidly eliminates ribosomal proteins that fail to assemble into ribosomes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct roles of ATM and ATR in the regulation of ARP8 phosphorylation to prevent chromosome translocations

    Jiying Sun et al.
    ATM plays an important role in maintaining the fidelity of DNA repair through the regulation of ARP8 phosphorylation to prevent the chromosome abnormality.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear receptor Ftz-f1 promotes follicle maturation and ovulation partly via bHLH/PAS transcription factor Sim

    Elizabeth M Knapp et al.
    Genetic analyses illustrate the novel requirement of Ftz-f1 and Sim in adult Drosophila ovaries for regulating follicle cell differentiation and ovulation that is likely conserved in mammals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Simulation of spontaneous G protein activation reveals a new intermediate driving GDP unbinding

    Xianqiang Sun et al.
    Combining powerful simulation methods uncovers the structural and dynamical changes driving G protein activation in atomic detail, revealing the allosteric network that triggers GDP release and reconciling diverse experimental data.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Domestic chickens activate a piRNA defense against avian leukosis virus

    Yu Huining Sun et al.
    To protect the germ line genome, chickens acquire new small RNA-based immune defense in response to recently endogenized retroviruses by turning a truncated provirus into a weapon.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endogenous itaconate is not required for particulate matter-induced NRF2 expression or inflammatory response

    Kaitlyn A Sun et al.
    Aconitate decarboxylase 1-derived itaconate reduces mitochondrial respiration via inhibition of succinate dehydrogenase but does not regulate inflammatory response or NRF2 expression in response to particulate matter.
    1. Cell Biology

    Direct comparison of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in budding and fission yeast reveals conserved and evolvable features

    Yidi Sun et al.
    Quantitative comparison of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in budding and fission yeast identified conserved mechanisms and species-specific adaptations with broad implications that extend from yeast to humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    UBE3A-mediated p18/LAMTOR1 ubiquitination and degradation regulate mTORC1 activity and synaptic plasticity

    Jiandong Sun et al.
    A new mechanism linking lysosomes to mTOR regulation and synaptic plasticity involves p18 ubiquitination by Ube3a, and underlies some of the pathology observed in Angelman syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian LINC complex component SUN1 regulates muscle regeneration by modulating drosha activity

    Tsui Han Loo et al.
    The LINC complex, that couples the interphase cytoskeleton to the nucleus, regulates the processing of a cluster of miRNAs required for muscle regeneration by recruiting and interacting directly with Drosha.