73 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit C-terminus regulates fast synaptic vesicle fusion and vesicle docking at the mammalian presynaptic active zone

    Matthias Lübbert et al.
    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit regulates coupling of synaptic vesicles to CaV2.1 calcium channels, synaptic vesicle release and docking, and the size of the fast and total releasable pools of synaptic vesicles.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic morphology and vesicular composition determine vesicle dynamics in mouse central synapses

    Laurent Guillaud et al.
    In central synapses, the mobility and supply of synaptic vesicles are determined by two independent biological factors: the morphological and structural organization of nerve terminals and the molecular signature of vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual decisions are biased by the cost to act

    Nobuhiro Hagura et al.
    When choosing between stimuli, the effort required to act on the resulting decision influences the processing of the stimuli themselves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of protein phosphorylation in nerve terminal reveals extensive changes in active zone proteins upon exocytosis

    Mahdokht Kohansal-Nodehi et al.
    Global phosphoproteomic analysis in nerve terminal during exocytosis reveals 252 uniquely regulated phosphosites, highlighting complex regulation of active zone proteins at multiple sites and the role of specific kinases/phosphatases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Additive effects on the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion cause supralinear effects on the vesicle fusion rate

    Sebastiaan Schotten et al.
    Independent osmotic, genetic and biochemical perturbations modulate neurotransmitter release in a multiplicative manner.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transient hypothyroidism favors oligodendrocyte generation providing functional remyelination in the adult mouse brain

    Sylvie Remaud et al.
    Production of remyelinating subventricular zone oligodendrocyte progenitors is stimulated by transient abrogation of thyroid hormone signalling in the adult neural stem cell niche.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness effects of altering gene expression noise in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    The impact of changing gene expression noise on fitness reveals beneficial or deleterious effects in a stable environment depending how close the average expression level is to the fitness optimum.

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