639 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific labeling of synaptic schwann cells reveals unique cellular and molecular features

    Ryan Castro et al.
    The discovery of markers specific to perisynaptic Schwann cells will accelerate the discovery of mechanisms important for their differentiation and function.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term adult human brain slice cultures as a model system to study human CNS circuitry and disease

    Niklas Schwarz et al.
    Viral transduction and gene manipulation of adult human brain slices will be of great value allowing investigations including therapeutic screening, electrophysiological and structural studies of properties of human CNS circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    YAP/TAZ initiate and maintain Schwann cell myelination

    Matthew Grove et al.
    Yap and Taz regulate proliferation and differentiation of Schwann cells, driving radial sorting, myelination and myelin maintenance of peripheral nerves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-induced Ca2+ signaling in perisynaptic Schwann cells of the early postnatal mouse is mediated by P2Y1 receptors and regulates muscle fatigue

    Dante J Heredia et al.
    A genetic strategy reveals that the perisynaptic glial response to neural activity in one population of these glia regulates postsynaptic function and therefore muscle fatigue.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axon-dependent expression of YAP/TAZ mediates Schwann cell remyelination but not proliferation after nerve injury

    Matthew Grove et al.
    YAP and TAZ, potent concoproteins and therapeutic targets in cancer therapy, are essential for Schwann cells to support peripheral nerve regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Schwann cells, but not Oligodendrocytes, Depend Strictly on Dynamin 2 Function

    Daniel Gerber et al.
    In the peripheral nervous system, the large GTPase dynamin 2 is required for Schwann cell survival, developmental radial sorting of axons, myelination, and myelin maintenance.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ErbB expressing Schwann cells control lateral line progenitor cells via non-cell-autonomous regulation of Wnt/β-catenin

    Mark E Lush, Tatjana Piotrowski
    Schwann cell induced quiescence of mechanosensory progenitor cells is mediated by inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Siglec receptors impact mammalian lifespan by modulating oxidative stress

    Flavio Schwarz et al.
    By contributing to the maintenance of ROS homeostasis, CD33-related Siglecs control oxidative damage and influence rate of aging and lifespan.

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