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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Chemoptogenetic ablation of neuronal mitochondria in vivo with spatiotemporal precision and controllable severity

    Wenting Xie et al.
    Novel transgenic zebrafish lines allow selective ablation of neuronal mitochondria by far red light, providing a powerful tool for investigating mitochondrial homeostasis in neurons and mitochondrial mechanisms in neurological disease.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SLAMF6​ deficiency augments tumor killing and skews toward an effector phenotype revealing it as a novel T cell checkpoint

    Emma Hajaj et al.
    SLAMF6 is an inhibitory checkpoint of T cells, the lack of which leads to better tumor control, suggesting a new immunotherapy target.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARL13B regulates Sonic hedgehog signaling from outside primary cilia

    Eduardo D Gigante et al.
    ARL13B regulates cell ciliation and cilia length from within cilia and Sonic hedgehog response from outside of cilia indicating the two processes can be spatially uncoupled.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary plasticity of chromosome metabolism allows adaptation to constitutive DNA replication stress

    Marco Fumasoni, Andrew W Murray
    Evolutionary adaptation to a constitutive perturbation of DNA replication reveals that adaptive mutations in three conserved pathways interact to restore faithful chromosome replication and segregation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and physiological function of the human KCNQ1 channel voltage sensor intermediate state

    Keenan C Taylor et al.
    The intermediate state conformation of the human KCNQ1 potassium channel voltage sensor domain was determined, validated, and shown to be conductive under physiological conditions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dullard-mediated Smad1/5/8 inhibition controls mouse cardiac neural crest cells condensation and outflow tract septation

    Jean-François Darrigrand et al.
    New views on the relevance of bone morphogenetic protein signalling fine tuning in the cardiac neural crest cells for the heart outflow tract septation and the formation of the great arteries.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Metabolic and non-metabolic liver zonation is established non-synchronously and requires sinusoidal Wnts

    Ruihua Ma et al.
    Mouse genetic approaches show that multiple Wnt endothelial sources orchestrate the spatiotemporal distribution of hepatocyte functions during liver maturation and respecify metabolic zonation during liver repair.
    1. Cell Biology

    ATR expands embryonic stem cell fate potential in response to replication stress

    Sina Atashpaz et al.
    ATR protects stem cell genomes by activating a transcriptional response mediated by totipotency genes, conferring trophoblast differentiation potential, the derepression of which in somatic cells might favour cancer features emergence.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Losing Dnmt3a dependent methylation in inhibitory neurons impairs neural function by a mechanism impacting Rett syndrome

    Laura A Lavery et al.
    Dnmt3a regulates gene expression in inhibitory neurons by writing all mCH and some mCG, and MeCP2 reads some of these mCH sites driving a portion of these gene expression changes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An ultralong CDRH2 in HCV neutralizing antibody demonstrates structural plasticity of antibodies against E2 glycoprotein

    Andrew I Flyak et al.
    The crystal structure of neutralizing antibody AR3X in complex with HCV E2 glycoprotein reveals unusual features of antibody recognition in which a conserved epitope is recognized by distinct antibody poses.