1,251 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.
    1. Cell Biology

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Visualizing conformational dynamics of proteins in solution and at the cell membrane

    Sharona E Gordon et al.
    ACCuRET is a flexible new method for measuring the structural dynamics of proteins in solution and membrane proteins in their native environment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A new hominin species has been unearthed in the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system in the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct regulation of dopamine D2S and D2L autoreceptor signaling by calcium

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    The loss of calcium-dependent D2 autoreceptor desensitization caused by prior in vivo cocaine exposure may be conferred by an unexpected role of the D2L splice variant as an autoreceptor.
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Delta glutamate receptor conductance drives excitation of mouse dorsal raphe neurons

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    In mouse brain slices, native delta glutamate receptors carry ionic current and underlie the α1-adrenergic receptor-mediated depolarization of dorsal raphe neurons that drives action potential firing in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Reciprocal regulation among TRPV1 channels and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in response to nerve growth factor

    Anastasiia Stratiievska et al.
    A dual-color TIRFM study reveals a new form of inflammatory regulation, in which a lipid kinase and ion channel reciprocally regulate each other to amplify the response to painful stimuli.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa

    John Hawks et al.
    The discovery of new skeletal remains of Homo naledi in the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa, adds more evidence to our understanding of the morphology and behavior of this recently discovered species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus relevance modulates contrast adaptation in visual cortex

    Andreas J Keller et al.
    Cortex dynamically regulates the flow of sensory information by suppressing responses of non-relevant stimuli through mechanisms of adaptation, while boosting sensory responses that are behaviorally important.

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