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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interactions between a subset of substrate side chains and AAA+ motor pore loops determine grip during protein unfolding

    Tristan A Bell et al.
    The AAA+ protein unfolding motor ClpX grips substrates with the uppermost part of its substrate-binding pore, and requires interactions with hydrophobic amino acid side chains to operate with optimal efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Lipid-mediated regulation of SKN-1/Nrf in response to germ cell absence

    Michael J Steinbaugh et al.
    Germ cell ablation delays C. elegans aging, in part, because unconsumed fat triggers activation of the detoxification factor SKN-1/Nrf, which is regulated by lipid signals and maintains lipid homeostasis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    FMRP promotes RNA localization to neuronal projections through interactions between its RGG domain and G-quadruplex RNA sequences

    Raeann Goering et al.
    The molecular determinants for neuronal subcellular RNA transport by FMRP are defined, with interactions between RNA G-quadruplexes and the RGG domain of FMRP being of critical importance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Cell Biology

    A conserved LDL-receptor motif regulates corin and CD320 membrane targeting in polarized renal epithelial cells

    Ce Zhang et al.
    A conserved motif in corin and CD320 LDL receptor modules regulates specific apical trafficking in polarized renal epithelial cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Oviductal estrogen receptor α signaling prevents protease-mediated embryo death

    Wipawee Winuthayanon et al.
    Cyclic estrogen signaling in oviduct epithelial cells suppresses oviduct luminal protease activity to allow survival and development of preimplantation embryos
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Proteome-wide signatures of function in highly diverged intrinsically disordered regions

    Taraneh Zarin et al.
    Widespread, rapidly evolving disordered regions contain molecular features that are preserved over evolution and are associated with specific biological functions.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.