185 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reexamination of N-terminal domains of syntaxin-1 in vesicle fusion from central murine synapses

    Gülçin Vardar et al.
    A mutant rescue approach in STX1-null autaptic neurons provides definitive answers and opens up new questions into a controversial matter of syntaxin-1's binding to Munc18-1 through its N-peptide and its function in neurotransmission.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Linker histone H1.8 inhibits chromatin binding of condensins and DNA topoisomerase II to tune chromosome length and individualization

    Pavan Choppakatla et al.
    Linker histone H1.8 shapes mitotic chromosomes by tuning the number and size of condensin-dependent DNA loops and suppressing condensin and DNA topoisomerase II-dependent individualization.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rad53 checkpoint kinase regulation of DNA replication fork rate via Mrc1 phosphorylation

    Allison W McClure, John FX Diffley
    DNA replication fork rate in budding yeast is regulated in response to DNA damage by phosphorylation of two proteins, Mrc1 and Mcm10, by the Rad53 protein kinase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A CTP-dependent gating mechanism enables ParB spreading on DNA

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A structural and biochemical approach shows that CTP binding and hydrolysis regulate nucleation, spreading, and recycling of a chromosome segregation protein ParB.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Maternally inherited piRNAs direct transient heterochromatin formation at active transposons during early Drosophila embryogenesis

    Martin H Fabry et al.
    Maternally deposited Piwi-piRNA complexes co-transcriptionally repress transposable elements that transiently become active in somatic cells of the developing Drosophila embryo.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical H3K79me2-dependent pathways promote the survival of MLL-rearranged leukemia

    William F Richter et al.
    FLT3-ITD/STAT5A signaling is more sensitive to Dot1L inhibition than the canonical MLL-fusion activated drivers of leukemogenesis, providing a potential therapeutic avenue for one of the most frequent lesions in leukemia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Establishment of H3K9me3-dependent heterochromatin during embryogenesis in Drosophila miranda

    Kevin H-C Wei et al.
    Heterochromatin is established at nucleation sites associated with open chromatin and RNA transcripts and matures into stable domains if they are found near transposable elements targeted by maternally deposited piRNAs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stability of neocortical synapses across sleep and wake states during the critical period in rats

    Brian A Cary, Gina G Turrigiano
    Sleep and wake states are not sufficient to drive changes in neocortical synaptic strengths.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unveiling the sensory and interneuronal pathways of the neuroendocrine connectome in Drosophila

    Sebastian Hückesfeld et al.
    Core of a neuroendocrine synaptic network consists of a parallel set of interneurons that target distinct combinations of neuroendocrine outputs, thus enabling variability and flexibility in selection of physiological activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A subcellular map of the human kinome

    Haitao Zhang et al.
    An immunofluorescent analysis of 465 protein kinases revealed a substantial role of liquid-liquid phase separation in kinase localization and identified new kinase localizations to mitochondria and other organelles.

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