161 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Parallel global profiling of plant TOR dynamics reveals a conserved role for LARP1 in translation

    M Regina Scarpin et al.
    Plants and humans use a shared mechanism, the eukaryotic metabolic sensor TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN protein kinase and its substrate, an RNA-binding protein called LARP1, to coordinate post-transcriptional gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cannabinoids modulate associative cerebellar learning via alterations in behavioral state

    Catarina Albergaria et al.
    Cannabinoid receptors modulate cerebellar learning, not through direct effects on synaptic plasticity, but as a secondary consequence of their modulation of behavioral state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation in autumn expression is the major adaptive determinant distinguishing Arabidopsis FLC haplotypes

    Jo Hepworth et al.
    Variation in autumnal expression from starting expression levels and initial cold-down-regulation, rather than epigenetic silencing, is the major field variable conferred by worldwide haplotypes of the floral repressor gene, FLC.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Plant Biology

    Accurate and versatile 3D segmentation of plant tissues at cellular resolution

    Adrian Wolny et al.
    Convolutional neural networks and graph partitioning algorithms can be combined into an easy-to-use tool for segmentation of cells in dense plant tissue volumes imaged with light microscopy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    True S-cones are concentrated in the ventral mouse retina and wired for color detection in the upper visual field

    Francisco M Nadal-Nicolás et al.
    Unique 'true' S-cone and S-cone bipolar cell distribution patterns in the mouse retina are previously unappreciated anatomical features that support enhanced short-wavelength signaling for color detection above horizon.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Specialization of the chromatin remodeler RSC to mobilize partially-unwrapped nucleosomes

    Alisha Schlichter et al.
    A SWI/SNF-family chromatin remodeling subcomplex from yeast is identified (RSC1) that is specialized to slide nucleosomes residing on DNA sequences that confer partial nucleosome unwrapping, with assistance from accessory factors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    AirID, a novel proximity biotinylation enzyme, for analysis of protein–protein interactions

    Kohki Kido et al.
    AirID provides highly interaction-dependent biotinylation for analysis of protein–protein interaction.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Oomycete small RNAs bind to the plant RNA-induced silencing complex for virulence

    Florian Dunker et al.
    Small RNAs of distantly related plant pathogens, such as fungi and oomycetes, hijack the plant RNA-induced silencing complex to favor host infection.

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