190 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Conservation of transcription factor binding specificities across 600 million years of bilateria evolution

    Kazuhiro R Nitta et al.
    Drosophila has almost all transcription factor binding specificities available to humans; and human transcription factors with divergent specificities operate in cell types that are not found in fruit flies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Cell Biology

    KLHL41 stabilizes skeletal muscle sarcomeres by nonproteolytic ubiquitination

    Andres Ramirez-Martinez et al.
    KLHL41 acts as a poly-ubiquitin dependent chaperone that prevents the formation of pathogenic nebulin aggregates associated with muscle disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Patient-specific mutations impair BESTROPHIN1’s essential role in mediating Ca2+-dependent Cl- currents in human RPE

    Yao Li et al.
    A multidisciplinary platform featured by patient-derived RPEs is established to study the disease-causing mechanisms of BEST1 mutations, and demonstrates gene-supplemented rescue of the mutation-caused deficiency in Ca2+-dependent Cl- current in human RPE.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The anticancer natural product ophiobolin A induces cytotoxicity by covalent modification of phosphatidylethanolamine

    Christopher Chidley et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in human cells shows that the molecular target of a natural product with promising anticancer activity is a membrane phospholipid.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Defective apical extrusion signaling contributes to aggressive tumor hallmarks

    Yapeng Gu et al.
    Disrupting extrusion, a process that drives epithelial cell death, leads to increased cell survival, poor barrier function, and enhanced cell invasion and, thereby, promotes tumor initiation and progression.
    1. Cell Biology

    LINE-1 protein localization and functional dynamics during the cell cycle

    Paolo Mita et al.
    A combination of functional, biochemical and imaging studies show that LINE-1/L1 proteins and mRNA enter the nucleus through mitotic nuclear membrane breakdown, interact with components of the DNA replication fork and mediate retrotransposition during S phase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Three ancient hormonal cues co-ordinate shoot branching in a moss

    Yoan Coudert et al.
    The mosses and angiosperms have independently evolved mechanisms that use the same hormones-auxin, cytokinin and strigolactone-to regulate lateral shoot branching.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Differential requirements of androgen receptor in luminal progenitors during prostate regeneration and tumor initiation

    Chee Wai Chua et al.
    Analyses of genetically engineered mouse models reveal the androgen receptor-independent properties of a luminal stem/progenitor cell in the prostate epithelium, and its ability to serve as a cell of origin for castration-resistant prostate cancer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mapping the functional versatility and fragility of Ras GTPase signaling circuits through in vitro network reconstitution

    Scott M Coyle, Wendell A Lim
    A systems level reconstitution of H-Ras GTPase signaling reveals a rich space of tunable dynamic outputs and clarifies the consequences of oncogenic perturbations to signaling.

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