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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modelling dynamics in protein crystal structures by ensemble refinement

    B Tom Burnley et al.
    A combination of molecular dynamics simulations and X-ray diffraction data has been used to construct more realistic models of proteins and to provide new insights into their interactions with other proteins and biomolecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mapping the functional versatility and fragility of Ras GTPase signaling circuits through in vitro network reconstitution

    Scott M Coyle, Wendell A Lim
    A systems level reconstitution of H-Ras GTPase signaling reveals a rich space of tunable dynamic outputs and clarifies the consequences of oncogenic perturbations to signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    How IGF-1 activates its receptor

    Jennifer M Kavran et al.
    Ligand binding to the ectodomain of the insulin-like growth factor receptor destabilises an autoinhibitory inter-subunit interaction, which allows the transmembrane domains to associate and the intracellular regions to autophosphorylate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High mTOR activity is a hallmark of reactive natural killer cells and amplifies early signaling through activating receptors

    Antoine Marçais et al.
    Chronic engagement of Natural killer cell inhibitory receptors by MHC-I molecules maintains a high activity of the mTOR pathway allowing subsequent amplification of signaling through activating receptors upon acute stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organization of the Drosophila larval visual circuit

    Ivan Larderet et al.
    The synaptic connectome of the Drosophila larval visual circuit is the first case of a completely reconstructed visual network in a genetically fully tractable model organism.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transient oxytocin signaling primes the development and function of excitatory hippocampal neurons

    Silvia Ripamonti et al.
    Perturbation of oxytocin signaling causes alterations that may be causally involved in the etiology of oxytocin-related neurobehavioral disorders.