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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host-selected mutations converging on a global regulator drive an adaptive leap towards symbiosis in bacteria

    M Sabrina Pankey et al.
    Selective forces imposed by the squid animal host drive rapid adaptation of non-native Vibrio fischeri bacteria through convergent mutations of large effect, unmasking preexisting coordinated regulation of symbiosis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Silencing cryptic specialized metabolism in Streptomyces by the nucleoid-associated protein Lsr2

    Emma J Gehrke et al.
    In Streptomyces, the nucleoid-associated protein Lsr2 functions as a xenogenic silencer of foreign genes, and as a metabolic gatekeeper, repressing expression of both cryptic and well-studied specialized metabolic biosynthetic clusters.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial dilemmas of diffusible public goods

    Benjamin Allen et al.
    A simple model reveals the roles of colony geometry and diffusion rate in allowing microbes to cooperate by sharing public goods.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single regulator NrtR controls bacterial NAD+ homeostasis via its acetylation

    Rongsui Gao et al.
    Functional definition of NrtR and the discovery of its acetylation represents a first paradigm for linking protein acetylation to bacterial central NAD+ metabolism.
    1. Ecology

    Harbouring public good mutants within a pathogen population can increase both fitness and virulence

    Richard J Lindsay et al.
    Cooperation theory and a novel synthetic infection system provides a mechanistic understanding of why a seemingly successful disease management strategy can have devastating consequences for infected hosts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple lineages of Streptomyces produce antimicrobials within passalid beetle galleries across eastern North America

    Rita de Cassia Pessotti et al.
    The widespread occurrence of metabolically active streptomycetes in Odontotaenius disjunctus beetle frass may insulate their galleries against pathogenic fungal invasion through the production of diverse antimicrobial specialized metabolites.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Doxycycline has distinct apicoplast-specific mechanisms of antimalarial activity

    Megan Okada et al.
    Doxycycline used at a slightly higher concentration kills Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites with faster, first-cycle activity through a novel organelle-specific mechanism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atlas of the binding specificities of transcription factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa directs prediction of novel regulators in virulence

    Tingting Wang et al.
    The transcription factor (TF)-binding specificities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa allow us to predict virulence-associated TFs and their target genes, which will facilitate to find effective treatment and prevention for its associated diseases.