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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule analysis reveals reversible and irreversible steps during spliceosome activation

    Aaron A Hoskins et al.
    Single molecule experiments reveal competition between spliceosome activation and the discard of the triple small nuclear ribonucleoprotein complex.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Single-molecule fluorimetry and gating currents inspire an improved optical voltage indicator

    Jeremy S Treger et al.
    ArcLight, a popular optogenetic reporter of voltage, is studied at both single-molecule and macroscopic levels, which leads to new mechanistic understanding and to the rational design of a faster reporter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional instability allows access to DNA in longer transcription Activator-Like effector (TALE) arrays

    Kathryn Geiger-Schuller et al.
    Single molecule DNA-binding trajectories and deterministic modeling analyses demonstrate a functional role for high energy partly folded states in Transcription Activator-Like Effectors that could improve future TALEN design.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Massively multiplex single-molecule oligonucleosome footprinting

    Nour J Abdulhay et al.
    A novel single-molecule sequencing method reveals previously unappreciated heterogeneity in nucleosome positioning on individual chromatin fibers across the human genome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Direct measurement of the mechanical work during translocation by the ribosome

    Tingting Liu et al.
    ‘Optical tweezers’ measurements of single ribosomes and single mRNA molecules show that the translation rate depends exponentially on the applied force, and suggests that the ribosome functions as a Brownian ratchet.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Linking time-series of single-molecule experiments with molecular dynamics simulations by machine learning

    Yasuhiro Matsunaga, Yuji Sugita
    A general machine learning scheme for integrating time-series data from single-molecule experiments and molecular dynamics simulations is proposed and successfully demonstrated for the folding dynamics of the WW domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single-molecule studies contrast ordered DNA replication with stochastic translesion synthesis

    Gengjing Zhao et al.
    Competing DNA polymerases at the DNA sliding clamp are revealed by single-molecule co-localization studies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 polymerase by nucleotide analogs from a single-molecule perspective

    Mona Seifert et al.
    High-throughput and ultra-stable magnetic tweezers reveal that Remdesivir induces a long-lived backtrack pause upon incorporation by the coronavirus polymerase, and SARS-CoV-2 is able to evade interferon-induced antiviral ddhCTP.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Single-molecule analysis reveals self assembly and nanoscale segregation of two distinct cavin subcomplexes on caveolae

    Yann Gambin et al.
    New insights into the assembly and membrane interactions of the caveolar coat complex reveal the reversible association/dissociation of distinct subcomplexes onto the membrane, which differs from the assembly/disassembly of clathrin-coated pits.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the kinetic cycle of an ABC transporter by single-molecule and cryo-EM analyses

    Ling Wang et al.
    The conformational dynamics of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are tracked in real time by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments, which elucidate the rate-limiting mechanism of MRP1's transport cycle.