534 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Hippo pathway controls myofibril assembly and muscle fiber growth by regulating sarcomeric gene expression

    Aynur Kaya-Çopur et al.
    Muscle fiber growth during development is controlled by the Hippo pathway that links the assembly state of the contractile sarcomeres with the transcriptional state of the sarcomeric genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A Bayesian approach to dynamic homology of morphological characters and the ancestral phenotype of jawed vertebrates

    Benedict King, Martin Rücklin
    The ancestor of all known jawed vertebrates possessed a maxilla and premaxilla and was similar in morphology to the 'maxillate placoderms' from China.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity musculoskeletal modeling reveals that motor planning variability contributes to the speed-accuracy tradeoff

    Mazen Al Borno et al.
    The speed-accuracy tradeoff could be a consequence of motor planning variability and not exclusively signal-dependent noise, as is currently held.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Graded titin cleavage progressively reduces tension and uncovers the source of A-band stability in contracting muscle

    Yong Li et al.
    Elastic forces generated by the giant protein titin define both passive and active tension of skeletal muscle fibers and protect the sarcomeric myosin filaments from severe disruption during contraction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Defining human mesenchymal and epithelial heterogeneity in response to oral inflammatory disease

    Ana J Caetano et al.
    Single cell transcriptomic analysis provides a reference map for human oral muscosa in health and disease and a framework for the development of new therapeutic strategies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Diverse and complex muscle spindle afferent firing properties emerge from multiscale muscle mechanics

    Kyle P Blum et al.
    Diverse muscle spindle firing, critical for a range of sensorimotor behaviors, is compactly explained by first principles of force development in specialized muscle fibers within the sensors.

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