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    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The mTORC1-mediated activation of ATF4 promotes protein and glutathione synthesis downstream of growth signals

    Margaret E Torrence et al.
    ATF4 is a metabolic effector of mTORC1 signaling, co-opted to induce gene targets involved in amino acid synthesis, uptake, and tRNA charging, contributing to mTORC1-driven protein and glutathione synthesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antigen receptor control of methionine metabolism in T cells

    Linda V Sinclair et al.
    Antigen receptor control of methionine transport is critical to co-ordinate protein synthesis and the production of methyl donors for nucleotide and protein methylations which are required for T cell differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion supports increased oxidative phosphorylation during cell proliferation

    Cong-Hui Yao et al.
    In addition to increasing glycolysis, some proliferating cells exhibiting the Warburg effect also increase oxidative phosphorylation through mitochondrial fusion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ngn1 inhibits astrogliogenesis through induction of miR-9 during neuronal fate specification

    Jing Zhao et al.
    During neurogenesis, Neurogenin 1 activates the microRNA miR-9, which directly targets the Jak-Stat pathway to inhibit astrogliogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Exosome complex orchestrates developmental signaling to balance proliferation and differentiation during erythropoiesis

    Skye C McIver et al.
    An RNA-regulatory machine confers expression and function of a receptor tyrosine kinase to dictate a developmental signaling transition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific pharmacology of NMDA receptors using masked MK801

    Yunlei Yang et al.
    The small molecule NMDA-receptor antagonist MK801 has been genetically targeted to specific cell types in brain tissue to examine the role of NMDA receptors in cocaine-induced synaptic plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Novel cell types and developmental lineages revealed by single-cell RNA-seq analysis of the mouse crista ampullaris

    Brent A Wilkerson et al.
    The elucidation of the cellular composition of the crista and the genes expressed in each cell type is a critical step toward understanding inner ear development, function, and vestibulopathies.
    1. Cancer Biology

    eIF4E S209 phosphorylation licenses myc- and stress-driven oncogenesis

    Hang Ruan et al.
    Genetic and transcriptomic analyses revealed that eIF4E S209 phosphorylation enables Myc and mutant KRAS cooperation in colon cancer through stress- and glutamine-dependent growth and addiction.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular architecture underlying fluid absorption by the developing inner ear

    Keiji Honda et al.
    Genome-wide RNA-seq analysis of single cells of the developing mouse endolymphatic sac reveals its molecular-cellular architecture and a model for salt and fluid absorption required for acquisition of normal inner ear structure and function.