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    1. Cell Biology

    Deciphering caveolar functions by syndapin III KO-mediated impairment of caveolar invagination

    Eric Seemann et al.
    Mice lacking the membrane-shaping protein syndapin III show severe reduction of caveolae reminiscent of human caveolinopathies but maintain plasma membrane-associated caveolar coats proteins and thereby unveil physiological impairments associated with lack of invaginated caveolae.
    1. Ecology

    The return to water in ancestral Xenopus was accompanied by a novel mechanism for producing and shaping vocal signals

    Ursula Kwong-Brown et al.
    When ancestral Xenopus returned to water ~170mya, they evolved a new method for producing courtship calls underwater without airflow, using vibrations that also preserve essential acoustic information on species identity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch1 regulated autophagy controls survival and suppressor activity of activated murine T-regulatory cells

    Nimi Marcel, Apurva Sarin
    Notch1 activates autophagy to regulate the survival of T-regulatory cells from mice.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycan-based shaping of the microbiota during primate evolution

    Sumnima Singh et al.
    Ggta1 deletion in mice shapes and reduces the microbiota pathogenicity and probably contributed to the natural selection of GGTA1 loss-of-function mutations in the ancestral primates that gave rise to humans.
    1. Cell Biology

    Exportin Crm1 is repurposed as a docking protein to generate microtubule organizing centers at the nuclear pore

    Xun X Bao et al.
    Microtubule nucleation from the nuclear envelope in fission yeast involves repurposing of nuclear export proteins for a non-export-related function, docking cytoplasmic proteins at nuclear pore complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Tsc1 in cerebellar Purkinje cells induces transcriptional and translation changes in FMRP target transcripts

    Jasbir Singh Dalal et al.
    Tsc1 mutation in cerebellar Purkinje cells leads to downregulation of synapse genes that are targets of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The somatically generated portion of T cell receptor CDR3α contributes to the MHC allele specificity of the T cell receptor

    Philippa Marrack et al.
    The alleles of the major histocompatibility complex present in an individual affect the sequences, including, surprisingly, the nongerm line encoded amino acids, of the receptors on T cells that allow recognition of antigens.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Routine single particle CryoEM sample and grid characterization by tomography

    Alex J Noble et al.
    Fiducial-less tomography on single particle cryoEM samples reveals that most particles are adsorbed to the air-water interface and allows for researchers to diagnose and solve sample, grid, ice thickness, collection, and processing issues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pirating conserved phage mechanisms promotes promiscuous staphylococcal pathogenicity island transfer

    Janine Bowring et al.
    Structural and genetic analyses reveal the highly evolved and unprecedented biological strategy used by SaPIs to spread in nature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired retrograde transport of axonal autophagosomes contributes to autophagic stress in Alzheimer’s disease neurons

    Prasad Tammineni et al.
    Amyloid-β oligomers associated with Alzheimer’s disease interact with dynein motors to impair retrograde transport of autophagic vesicles in neurons.