Height in early adulthood is an indicator that integrates across different dimensions of sustainable human development with links to health and longevity, nutrition, education and economic productivity.
Considerable differences are observed in the global dissemination patterns of HBV-D and HBV-A, the genotypes of which have putative origins in North Africa/Middle East (HBV-D) and the Middle East/Central Asia (HBV-A).
The de novo selection of a mutation responsible for Plasmodium falciparum in vitro artemisinin resistance is confirmed in Guyana, making artemisinin combination therapies vulnerable to complete resistance in this region.
The establishment of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium as a biotrophic model system provides the foundation for studying new aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and for answering questions about fungal sex and speciation.
The incorporation of as yet underused local epidemiological data on α-thalassaemia in Southeast Asia within a geostatistical model suggests that the burden of severe α-thalassaemia forms may have been underestimated.