231 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditional deletion of glucocorticoid receptors in rat brain results in sex-specific deficits in fear and coping behaviors

    Jessie R Scheimann et al.
    Development of a conditional glucocorticoid receptor knockdown rat model allows for high resolution anatomical, physiological and behavioral exploration into the role of glucocorticoid receptor signaling in defined cell populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered gating of Kv1.4 in the nucleus accumbens suppresses motivation for reward

    Bernadette O'Donovan et al.
    Low effort-based motivation to pursue naturally rewarding stimuli can be increased pharmacologically, by targeting inactivation of a single voltage-gated potassium channel within the mesolimbic dopamine reward system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural correlates of ingroup bias for prosociality in rats

    Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
    A distinct neural network, including the nucleus accumbens as a central hub, is active when rats are exposed to trapped ingroup members they had previously helped escape a trap, but not for outgroup members who had not been helped.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of the same mGluR5 receptors in the amygdala causes divergent effects on specific versus indiscriminate fear

    Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman et al.
    Activation of the same glutamate receptor in the lateral amygdala gives rise to distinct effects on specific versus indiscriminate fear by modulating intrinsic excitability and synaptic plasticity.
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Left-right side-specific endocrine signaling complements neural pathways to mediate acute asymmetric effects of brain injury

    Nikolay Lukoyanov et al.
    In addition to the well-established involvement of descending neural tracts, the left-right side-specific endocrine mechanism may contribute to signaling from injured brain to spinal motor circuits.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The selective estrogen receptor downregulator GDC-0810 is efficacious in diverse models of ER+ breast cancer

    James D Joseph et al.
    GDC-0810 is a novel, orally bioavailable SERD that exhibits robust pre-clinical activity in models of ER+ breast cancer, including models of tamoxifen resistance, and those that express the ERα mutations, ER.Y537S and ER.D538G.
    1. Neuroscience

    Knockdown of hypothalamic RFRP3 prevents chronic stress-induced infertility and embryo resorption

    Anna C Geraghty et al.
    A chronic stressor prior to mating has lasting negative consequences on the fertility and fecundity of female rats, which can be prevented by blocking a single hypothalamic reproductive inhibitory hormone.
    1. Medicine

    High-phytate/low-calcium diet is a risk factor for crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone loss

    Ok-Hee Kim et al.
    A high-phytate-low Ca2+ diet causes crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone disease in rats, whereas high Ca2+ intake ameliorates the detrimental effects of a high-phytate diet.

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