213 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Myosin III-mediated cross-linking and stimulation of actin bundling activity of Espin

    Haiyang Liu et al.
    The tail domain of Myosin III binds to and cross-links actin bundling protein Espin1 and thus modulates higher order actin bundle structures in cellular processes such as stereocilia and microvilli.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 deacetylase regulates the activity of GSK3 isoforms independent of inhibitory phosphorylation

    Mohsen Sarikhani et al.
    Mass spectroscopy, molecular modeling and/or molecular dynamics simulations reveal how acetylation regulates the activity of GSK3 isoforms independent of inhibitory phosphorylation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Homeostatic and tumourigenic activity of SOX2+ pituitary stem cells is controlled by the LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade

    Emily J Lodge et al.
    The LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade promotes SOX2+ pituitary stem cell fate and when over-activated, transforms normal stem cells into cancer stem cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fragile X mental retardation protein is a Zika virus restriction factor that is antagonized by subgenomic flaviviral RNA

    Ruben Soto-Acosta et al.
    The Zika virus subgenomic flaviviral RNA binds to and inhibits the fragile X mental retardation protein, a novel Zika virus restriction factor.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Subunit exchange enhances information retention by CaMKII in dendritic spines

    Dilawar Singh, Upinder Singh Bhalla
    Due to subunit-exchange, CaMKII can store information at diverse time-scales and might play a central role in the memory maintenance.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    The axonal actin-spectrin lattice acts as a tension buffering shock absorber

    Sushil Dubey et al.
    A linear array of spectrin tetramers imparts mechanical stability to axons by allowing spectrin domains to unfold reversibly when an axon is stretched, thereby acting as tension buffers.

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