124 results found
  1. February 2017

    Episode 36: February 2017

    In this episode we hear about epilepsy, the sushi-belt model of transport in neurons, a mother in ancient Troy, the Amazon rainforest and bias in scientific reporting.
  2. Episode 38: May 2017

    In this episode we hear about biofilms in bacteria, drug production, gender bias in peer review, nematode worms and how synchronising brain waves can boost memory.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Architecture of the ring formed by the tubulin homologue FtsZ in bacterial cell division

    Piotr Szwedziak et al.
    The architecture of the bacterial cytokinetic ring in cells and in artificial liposome reconstitutions has been described using electron microscopy, leading to a mechanism of constriction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A common bacterial metabolite elicits prion-based bypass of glucose repression

    David M Garcia et al.
    Activity-guided fractionation identifies the first bacterial metabolite that potently induces a prion in nature.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Serotonin modulates insect hemocyte phagocytosis via two different serotonin receptors

    Yi-xiang Qi et al.
    Insects use serotonin signaling in blood cells to help defend themselves against pathogens.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A bacteriophage endolysin that eliminates intracellular streptococci

    Yang Shen et al.
    Unlike other similar enzymes, the antimicrobial enzyme PlyC can interact with and translocate eukaryotic membranes, and then lyse and kill intracellular bacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perinatal hormones favor CC17 group B Streptococcus intestinal translocation through M cells and hypervirulence in neonates

    Constantin Hays et al.
    Hormonal concentrations found in over 7-day-old neonates favor CC17 GBS invasiveness in a process linked to intestinal M cells maturation and mediated by the CC17 GBS surface protein Srr2.

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