15 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A type III-A CRISPR-Cas system employs degradosome nucleases to ensure robust immunity

    Lucy Chou-Zheng, Asma Hatoum-Aslan
    Degradosome-associated nucleases PNPase and RNase J2 are required for type III CRISPR immunity against diverse nucleic acid invaders originating from plasmid and phage.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    NHR-49/PPAR-α and HLH-30/TFEB cooperate for C. elegans host defense via a flavin-containing monooxygenase

    Khursheed A Wani et al.
    Genetic and molecular characterization showed that evolutionarily conserved flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO-2) plays an important role in host defense in Caenorhabditis elegans, and its induction is dependent on conserved transcription factors, TFEB and PPAR-α.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multi-step vs. single-step resistance evolution under different drugs, pharmacokinetics, and treatment regimens

    Claudia Igler et al.
    The number and effects of mutations leading to full drug resistance crucially determine treatment failure probability and should be used to inform antimicrobial treatment strategies with regard to avoidance of resistance emergence.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Resident macrophages acquire innate immune memory in staphylococcal skin infection

    Reinhild Feuerstein et al.
    Resident dermal Mφ are programmed locally, independently of bone-marrow monocytes during Staphylococcus aureus infection, leading to transiently increased resistance, which is limited by a decrease in macrophage life span.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pirating conserved phage mechanisms promotes promiscuous staphylococcal pathogenicity island transfer

    Janine Bowring et al.
    Structural and genetic analyses reveal the highly evolved and unprecedented biological strategy used by SaPIs to spread in nature.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A novel DNA primase-helicase pair encoded by SCCmec elements

    Aleksandra Bebel et al.
    SCCmec genomic islands encode a novel primase-helicase pair in which priming ability is conferred upon an A-family DNA polymerase domain by a novel protein cofactor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Selection of chromosomal DNA libraries using a multiplex CRISPR system

    Owen W Ryan et al.
    An optimized CRISPR-Cas9 system enables multiplexed genome engineering for evolving biomolecules and pathways from chromosomally integrated DNA libraries.

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