79 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pathogen clonal expansion underlies multiorgan dissemination and organ-specific outcomes during murine systemic infection

    Karthik Hullahalli, Matthew K Waldor
    During Escherichia coli systemic infection, the replication of a minuscule fraction of the inoculum drives organ-specific clearance failures, systemic dissemination, and stochastic infection outcomes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vaccination induces rapid protection against bacterial pneumonia via training alveolar macrophage in mice

    Hao Gu et al.
    Intranasal immunization of inactivated whole cell of some Gram-negative bacteria induces very rapid and efficient protection against bacterial pulmonary by training alveolar macrophage response, which can be harnessed to design rapid-effecting vaccine against multidrug-resistant bacteria infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated single-cell analysis unveils diverging immune features of COVID-19, influenza, and other community-acquired pneumonia

    Alex R Schuurman et al.
    Different etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia evoke both shared and diverging immunological responses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A low Smc flux avoids collisions and facilitates chromosome organization in Bacillus subtilis

    Anna Anchimiuk et al.
    Bacterial chromosome folding by DNA loop extrusion is here shown to rely on avoidance of SMC collisions by low SMC abundance, clustering of loading sites, efficient translocation, and rare unloading.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The role of interspecies recombination in the evolution of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci

    Joshua C D'Aeth et al.
    Selection by national-level antibiotic consumption and vaccination trends drives atypical recombinations, frequently resulting in interspecies sequence exchange at many sites across a bacterial species’ chromosome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structure-guided microbial targeting of antistaphylococcal prodrugs

    Justin J Miller et al.
    Prodrug antibiotics can be designed that are serum-stable but readily cleaved inside bacterial pathogens.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Lives saved with vaccination for 10 pathogens across 112 countries in a pre-COVID-19 world

    Jaspreet Toor et al.
    Vaccination activities that occurred before the COVID-19 pandemic, 2000-2019, are estimated to avert 50 million deaths, highlighting the enormous benefits of continued and improving vaccination.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Understanding the evolution of multiple drug resistance in structured populations

    David V McLeod, Sylvain Gandon
    The evolution of multidrug resistance can be most easily understood by focusing upon the dynamical equations of linkage disequilibrium.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Asymptomatic Bordetella pertussis infections in a longitudinal cohort of young African infants and their mothers

    Christopher J Gill et al.
    Longitudinal qPCR-based pertussis surveillance of a low-resource African cohort reveals frequent asymptomatic pertussis infections in both young infants and mothers and suggests possible early warning signals for epidemic outbreaks.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Colistin kills bacteria by targeting lipopolysaccharide in the cytoplasmic membrane

    Akshay Sabnis et al.
    Modulation of cytoplasmic lipopolysaccharide levels sensitises bacteria to polymyxin antibiotics, revealing a novel combination therapeutic approach.

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