887 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent Golgi satellite formation in dendrites reshapes the neuronal surface glycoproteome

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    Neuronal activity triggers the dispersal of the Golgi into dendritic Golgi satellites, leading to reshaping of the neuronal surface glycoproteome through processing of glycans to mature, sialic acid-containing forms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dependence of neurotransmitter release at a high fidelity synapse

    Abdelmoneim Eshra et al.
    The Ca2+-dependence of vesicle priming, fusion, and replenishment at cerebellar mossy fiber boutons show a prominent Ca2+-dependent priming step, a shallow non-saturating dose-response curve up to 50 µM, and little Ca2+-dependence of sustained vesicle replenishment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Profiling sensory neuron microenvironment after peripheral and central axon injury reveals key pathways for neural repair

    Oshri Avraham et al.
    The microenvironment surrounding sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia responds differently to peripheral and central injuries, revealing that non-neuronal cells can be manipulated to promote axon regeneration after central injury.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Inducible and reversible inhibition of miRNA-mediated gene repression in vivo

    Gaspare La Rocca et al.
    A new genetically engineered mouse strain is described in which miRNA activity can be acutely and reversibly inhibited, showing that in a subset of adult tissues miRNA activity is dispensable under homeostatic conditions but becomes essential during tissue regeneration.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic osmosensors modulate activity-induced calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons of the mouse PVN

    Wanhui Sheng et al.
    Activity-induced dendritic calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons can be robustly modulated by a highly diverse set of stimuli acting on distinct types of ion channels expressed along the dendritic membrane.

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