217 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spectral signature and behavioral consequence of spontaneous shifts of pupil-linked arousal in human

    Ella Podvalny et al.
    Fluctuations of spectral power in large-scale cortical networks shape behavior in a perceptual decision-making task through arousal-linked and arousal-independent mechanisms.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Binding affinity landscapes constrain the evolution of broadly neutralizing anti-influenza antibodies

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    CR9114, one of the most broadly neutralizing anti-influenza antibodies characterized to date, acquires affinity to divergent HA subtypes sequentially, due to higher order interactions between the nested sets of mutations required for binding each distinct subtype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal replay of experience at real-world speeds

    Eric L Denovellis et al.
    A new state space decoder revealed that most hippocampal sharp-wave ripples contain coherent spatial content, and that this 'replay' typically progresses at speeds similar to those seen during actual experiences.
    1. Medicine

    Heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase allow the development of a first-in-class histamine-degrading biopharmaceutical

    Elisabeth Gludovacz et al.
    Because heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase (hDAO) block cellular uptake and strongly decrease clearance in vivo, modified recombinant hDAO might be a good candidate for the treatment of symptoms induced by excessive endogenous histamine release.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ACLY ubiquitination by CUL3-KLHL25 induces the reprogramming of fatty acid metabolism to facilitate iTreg differentiation

    Miaomiao Tian et al.
    Metabolic flux analysis, biochemistry assays, and functional confirmation in mice show that the ubiquitination and degradation of ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) mediated by CUL3-KLHL25 promotes the switch from fatty acid synthesis to fatty acid oxidation for iTreg differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    KLF10 integrates circadian timing and sugar signaling to coordinate hepatic metabolism

    Anthony A Ruberto et al.
    Krüppel-like factor 10 coordinates the hepatic circadian transcriptome and protects the liver from the adverse effects of increased sugar consumption.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    AAV ablates neurogenesis in the adult murine hippocampus

    Stephen Johnston et al.
    Future work using recombinant AAV as an experimental tool in the dentate gyrus or as a gene therapy for diseases of the central nervous system should be carefully evaluated.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Heterochromatin-dependent transcription of satellite DNAs in the Drosophila melanogaster female germline

    Xiaolu Wei et al.
    The piRNA pathway regulates satellite DNAs in the Drosophila melanogaster germline and affects heterochromatin establishment at pericentromeric satellite DNA in embryos, implying a general role for piRNAs in ensuring genome stability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Intrinsic OXPHOS limitations underlie cellular bioenergetics in leukemia

    Margaret AM Nelson et al.
    Across a physiological span of ATP-free energy, leukemic mitochondria primarily consume, rather than produce, ATP.

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