7,078 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Active torque generation by the actomyosin cell cortex drives left–right symmetry breaking

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    The actomyosin cytoskeleton generates active chiral torques that lead to left-right asymmetry in C. elegans embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Body side-specific control of motor activity during turning in a walking animal

    Matthias Gruhn et al.
    Turning in an insect is the combined result of body-side-specific modifications in processing of local sensory feedback, and modification of local central pattern generator activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuropilin-1 functions as a VEGFR2 co-receptor to guide developmental angiogenesis independent of ligand binding

    Maria V Gelfand et al.
    Interactions between Neuropilin-1 and VEGFR2, rather than VEGF-Neuropilin-1 binding, underlie Neuropilin-1's critical function in VEGF-mediated vascular development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interactions between a subset of substrate side chains and AAA+ motor pore loops determine grip during protein unfolding

    Tristan A Bell et al.
    The AAA+ protein unfolding motor ClpX grips substrates with the uppermost part of its substrate-binding pore, and requires interactions with hydrophobic amino acid side chains to operate with optimal efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optocontrol of glutamate receptor activity by single side-chain photoisomerization

    Viktoria Klippenstein et al.
    Introduction of single photoswitchable unnatural amino acid into a neuronal receptor provides reversible, rapid and robust control of its activity by light, representing an important contribution to the fast expanding field of optopharmacology.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Morphogenetic degeneracies in the actomyosin cortex

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    Distinct molecular functions contribute to the same material property at larger scales leading to degenerate functionality.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of centromere function drives karyotype evolution in closely related Malassezia species

    Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan et al.
    The centromeres in Malassezia species, by breakage or inactivation, facilitate genome rearrangements that can result in varying karyotypes and contribute to the evolution of these species.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.

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