3,936 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MHC-compatible bone marrow stromal/stem cells trigger fibrosis by activating host T cells in a scleroderma mouse model

    Yoko Ogawa et al.
    PDGFRα+ Sca-1+ bone marrow stromal/stem cells in whole bone marrow grafts can trigger the onset of autoimmune-related fibrosis in a mouse model of scleroderma.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ZFP36 RNA-binding proteins restrain T cell activation and anti-viral immunity

    Michael J Moore et al.
    By attenuating the translation of key mRNA targets, ZFP36 RNA binding proteins restrain the expansion and effector activity of T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cells translate individual, quantal activation into collective, analog cytokine responses via time-integrated feedbacks

    Karen E Tkach et al.
    Experiment-driven quantitative model of IL-2 secretion demonstrates how T cells integrate their digital antigen responses into an analog-scaled output.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct chromatin functional states correlate with HIV latency reactivation in infected primary CD4+ T cells

    Emilie Battivelli et al.
    Analysis of HIV integration sites from induced and non-induced latently infected populations reveals the role of genomic localization and chromatin context in the fate of HIV-1 infection and the reversal of viral latency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T Cell Activation: The importance of methionine metabolism

    Ramon I Klein Geltink, Erika L Pearce
    T helper cells import methionine to synthesize new proteins and to provide the methyl groups needed for the methylation of RNA and DNA that drives T cell proliferation and differentiation.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antigen receptor control of methionine metabolism in T cells

    Linda V Sinclair et al.
    Antigen receptor control of methionine transport is critical to co-ordinate protein synthesis and the production of methyl donors for nucleotide and protein methylations which are required for T cell differentiation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glutathione de novo synthesis but not recycling process coordinates with glutamine catabolism to control redox homeostasis and directs murine T cell differentiation

    Gaojian Lian et al.
    Metabolic reprogramming in suppressing oxidative stress during TH17 cell differentiation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rasgrp1 mutation increases naïve T-cell CD44 expression and drives mTOR-dependent accumulation of Helios+ T cells and autoantibodies

    Stephen R Daley et al.
    A single point mutation in a Ras activator leads to aberrant constitutive mTOR signaling in peripheral T cells that consequently accumulate as abnormal T helper cells and stimulate the production of autoantibodies by B cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Cell Biology

    Calcium-mediated shaping of naive CD4 T-cell phenotype and function

    Vincent Guichard et al.
    Calcium-calcineurin signaling cascade drives the acquisition of both the phenotype of the most self-reactive naive CD4 T cells and their enhanced cell-intrinsic ability to commit into induced regulatory T cells upon activation.

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