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    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Early life imprints the hierarchy of T cell clone sizes

    Mario U Gaimann et al.
    The rapid development of immune memory in infancy shapes the composition of T cell defenses throughout the human lifespan.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Environment determines evolutionary trajectory in a constrained phenotypic space

    David T Fraebel et al.
    Experimental evolution shows that when selection acts on two traits constrained by a trade-off, the direction of phenotypic evolution depends on the environment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    β-catenin and γ-catenin are dispensable for T lymphocytes and AML leukemic stem cells

    Xin Zhao et al.
    The generation and characterization of true β-catenin null mutant mice conclusively demonstrate that β-catenin is dispensable for T lymphocytes and leukemia stem cells, providing clarifications on a long-standing controversy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Quantitative analysis of how Myc controls T cell proteomes and metabolic pathways during T cell activation

    Julia M Marchingo et al.
    Myc-dependent induction of amino acid transporter expression in response to T cell receptor activation is essential to enable T cell proteome remodelling upon immune activation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dissection of the in vitro developmental program of Hammondia hammondi reveals a link between stress sensitivity and life cycle flexibility in Toxoplasma gondii

    Sarah L Sokol et al.
    A derived stress response trait may have contributed to the emergence of a globally dominant and promiscuous parasite.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of cancer cell vulnerabilities to natural killer cell-mediated immune surveillance

    Matthew F Pech et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 screens reveal a role for the ubiquitin ligase substrate adaptor DCAF15 in the immune surveillance of cancer cells by natural killer cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulation strength controls the rate of initiation but not the molecular organisation of TCR-induced signalling

    Claire Y Ma et al.
    The strength of TCR signalling determines the rate at which cells initiate a tightly coordinated signalling programme, without altering its organization.