1,897 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Estrogenic-dependent glutamatergic neurotransmission from kisspeptin neurons governs feeding circuits in females

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Estrogen increases hypothalamic arcuate kisspeptin neuronal excitability and glutamate release to coordinate autonomic functions for maximizing reproductive success.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cell-autonomous regulation of epithelial cell quiescence by calcium channel Trpv6

    Yi Xin et al.
    Genetics, in vivo imaging, and unbiased chemical biology screens reveal that Trpv6 functions as a cellular quiescence regulator and delineates a Trpv6-mediated Ca2+ signaling pathway maintaining the quiescent state.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Neuroscience

    Biophysics of object segmentation in a collision-detecting neuron

    Richard Burkett Dewell, Fabrizio Gabbiani
    Active dendritic processing enables an individual neuron to discriminate the spatial pattern of synaptic inputs, increasing neural and behavioral selectivity for escaping an impending threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory peptidergic modulation of C. elegans serotonin neurons is gated by T-type calcium channels

    Kara E Zang et al.
    Genetic analysis of how neuropeptides control C. elegans reproductive behavior shows how T-type calcium channels engage and disengage target neurons from these critical regulators of neural circuits and behavior.
    1. Plant Biology

    Calcium specificity signaling mechanisms in abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis guard cells

    Benjamin Brandt et al.
    The calcium-dependent signaling pathway during ABA-dependent stomatal closure requires the calcium-independent pathway, and calcium signaling specificity is mediated by PP2C protein phosphatases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized coding patterns among dorsomedial prefrontal neuronal ensembles predict conditioned reward seeking

    Roger I Grant et al.
    Excitatory output neurons in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex display heterogeneously specialized coding properties that evolve during cue-reward learning and predict cue-driven reward seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decision and navigation in mouse parietal cortex

    Michael Krumin et al.
    When mice use vision to choose their trajectories, a large fraction of parietal cortex activity can be precisely predicted from navigational attributes such as spatial position and heading.

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