94 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Real time dynamics of Gating-Related conformational changes in CorA

    Martina Rangl et al.
    High-speed atomic force microscopy reveals that the open state of the divalent ion channel CorA is highly dynamic and defined by the fast exchange between conformations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-way communication between SecY and SecA suggests a Brownian ratchet mechanism for protein translocation

    William John Allen et al.
    Evidence is presented that supports a completely new, diffusion-driven mechanism for transporting proteins across membranes in bacteria.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the crustacean Parhyale hawaiensis, a model for animal development, regeneration, immunity and lignocellulose digestion

    Damian Kao et al.
    The first malacostracan genome sequence will establish the genetically tractable Parhyale hawaiensis as a model organism in this key animal group.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Degradation of engulfed mitochondria is rate-limiting in Optineurin-mediated mitophagy in neurons

    Chantell S Evans, Erika LF Holzbaur
    In neuronal mitophagy, Parkin and OPTN induce efficient sequestration of damaged somal mitochondria into autophagosomes, but slow turnover via lysosomal acidification may be a point of vulnerability for the cell.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Large protein organelles form a new iron sequestration system with high storage capacity

    Tobias W Giessen et al.
    An alternative iron storage system based on a 9.6 megadalton microbial protein compartment is able to sequester and store large amounts of iron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Low FoxO expression in Drosophila somatosensory neurons protects dendrite growth under nutrient restriction

    Amy R Poe et al.
    The development of Drosophila somatosensory neurons is spared under nutrient deficiency so that they grow more dendrites and make animals more sensitive to environmental stimuli.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factors TFE3 and TFEB amplify p53 dependent transcriptional programs in response to DNA damage

    Owen A Brady et al.
    Disruption of TFEB and TFE3 results in diminished p53 signaling capacity and altered cell cycle regulation under genotoxic stress conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of cyclic oligoadenylate synthesis in a type III CRISPR system

    Christophe Rouillon et al.
    Generation of the anti-viral second messenger cyclic oligoadenylate by type III CRISPR systems is tightly controlled in response to viral RNA load and sequence.

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