985 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phosphorylation of iRhom2 at the plasma membrane controls mammalian TACE-dependent inflammatory and growth factor signalling

    Adam Graham Grieve et al.
    The iRhom2 protein, a catalytically inactive relative of rhomboid proteases, controls inflammation and growth factor signalling by acting as an essential multifunctional regulatory subunit of the cell surface shedding protease TACE (ADAM17).
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-induced MDSC act via remote control to inhibit L-selectin-dependent adaptive immunity in lymph nodes

    Amy W Ku et al.
    Tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells exert systemic suppression of adaptive immunity by limiting L-selectin-directed trafficking of T cells at vascular checkpoints in lymph nodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromodulatory connectivity defines the structure of a behavioral neural network

    Feici Diao et al.
    Using targeted functional manipulations of neural activity to map neuromodulatory connections can deliver considerable insight into the functional architecture of a behaviorally important network even in the absence of information about its synaptic connectivity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin-like proteins stimulate HSPC development through interaction with notch receptor signaling

    Michelle I Lin et al.
    Angiopoietin-like proteins signal through notch via receptor interaction and can regulate Notch cleavage/activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatial and temporal analysis of PCP protein dynamics during neural tube closure

    Mitchell T Butler, John B Wallingford
    Planar cell polarity proteins display dynamic spatial and temporal patterns of enrichment that tightly correlate with myosin-dependent cell behaviors during neural tube closure.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent loss of HMGCS2 shows that ketogenesis is not essential for the evolution of large mammalian brains

    David Jebb, Michael Hiller
    The evolutionary loss of the main enzyme required for ketone body biosynthesis suggests that alternative strategies to provide energy for large brains during fasting evolved repeatedly in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A regulatory microRNA network controls endothelial cell phenotypic switch during sprouting angiogenesis

    Stefania Rosano et al.
    Coordinated microRNAs activity induced by VEGF represses cell proliferation and favors cell migration at the onset of sprouting angiogenesis in endothelial cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.

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