1,001 results found
  1. Research Culture: A Selection of Articles

    Edited by Julia Deathridge
    Research culture needs to be improved for the benefit of science and scientists.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Epithelial colonies in vitro elongate through collective effects

    Jordi Comelles et al.
    Spontaneous elongation of epithelial colonies is related to the orientation of the mean nematic cell elongation field, as shown and tested with experiments and theory.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of nevus development implicate cell cooperation in the growth arrest of transformed melanocytes

    Rolando Ruiz-Vega et al.
    Spontaneous growth arrest of transformed melanocytes (resulting in benign “moles”) does not result from cell-autonomous oncogene-induced senescence, but can be explained by collective mechanisms used in normal tissue size control.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Social interactions drive efficient foraging and income equality in groups of fish

    Roy Harpaz, Elad Schneidman
    Analysis and modeling of group behavior of adult zebrafish shows that a specialized social interaction mechanism increases foraging efficiency and equality within groups, under a variety of environmental conditions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria associations

    Mroj Alassaf, Mary C Halloran
    An extracellular modulator of IGF1 signaling, Pappaa, regulates endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria connections, which are critical for metabolic homeostasis and hair cell survival.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Collateral sensitivity associated with antibiotic resistance plasmids

    Cristina Herencias et al.
    Acquisition of antibiotic resistance plasmids induces collateral sensitivity to clinically relevant antibiotics in Escherichia coli, paving the way for targeted 'anti-plasmid' therapies able to preferentially eliminate plasmid-carrying bacteria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mechanism for the extension and unfolding of parallel telomeric G-quadruplexes by human telomerase at single-molecule resolution

    Bishnu P Paudel et al.
    Human telomerase unfolds and extends parallel G-quadruplexes using a unique mechanism involving its RNA template.

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