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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a TRPM2 channel in complex with Ca2+ explains unique gating regulation

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    The 3Å structure and correlated functional analysis of the TRPM2 cation channel from Nematostella vectensis shed light on the molecular mechanisms of TRPM2 regulation by intra- and extracellular Ca2+, and of inactivation of human TRPM2.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Direct single molecule measurement of TCR triggering by agonist pMHC in living primary T cells

    Geoff P O'Donoghue et al.
    Quantitative observations of single-molecule binding between antigen and T cell receptor (TCR) in living primary T cells reveals unbinding kinetics, stoichiometry and signaling molecule recruitment, providing insights into the mechanisms of antigen recognition by the immune system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Model-based spatial-temporal mapping of opisthorchiasis in endemic countries of Southeast Asia

    Ting-Ting Zhao et al.
    High-resolution risk estimates of opisthorchiasis were produced in major endemic countries of Southeast Asia, providing valuable information for guiding disease control and serving as a baseline for future progress assessment.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MAPK activity dynamics regulate non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression

    Timothy J Aikin et al.
    The temporal patterns of MAPK activity differentially regulate cell autonomous and non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multivalency of NDC80 in the outer kinetochore is essential to track shortening microtubules and generate forces

    Vladimir A Volkov et al.
    Multiple NDC80 complexes in the outer kinetochore cooperate to bind the ends of depolymerizing microtubules and harness their power stroke.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    The majority of transcripts in the squid nervous system are extensively recoded by A-to-I RNA editing

    Shahar Alon et al.
    The first example of an animal where RNA-editing dramatically reshapes the entire proteome demonstrates that editing must be a critical evolutionary and adaptive force.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct hierarchical alterations of intrinsic neural timescales account for different manifestations of psychosis

    Kenneth Wengler et al.
    fMRI evidence for distinct hierarchical alterations in intrinsic neural timescales for different positive symptoms of schizophrenia support hierarchical perceptual-inference models of psychosis and suggest local increases in excitation-inhibition ratio.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Plasticity and evolutionary convergence in the locomotor skeleton of Greater Antillean Anolis lizards

    Nathalie Feiner et al.
    A comparative and experimental research refutes the controversial hypothesis that plasticity played a major role in the convergent evolution of Anolis ecomorphs.