121 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Brahma is essential for Drosophila intestinal stem cell proliferation and regulated by Hippo signaling

    Yunyun Jin et al.
    The Brahma chromatin remodelling complex interacts with the Hippo signalling pathway to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells in the Drosophila midgut.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dual mode of embryonic development is highlighted by expression and function of Nasonia pair-rule genes

    Miriam I Rosenberg et al.
    Pair-rule genes in the wasp Nasonia function as in Drosophila in patterning anterior segments, and similar to ancestral insects in patterning posterior segments, illustrating a mixed-mode transition state between short and long germ embryogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Molecular insights into the origin of the Hox-TALE patterning system

    Bruno Hudry et al.
    Interactions between Hox and TALE genes, which generate bilaterally symmetrical body plans, originated in early multicellular animals.
    1. Plant Biology

    Brassinosteroids control root epidermal cell fate via direct regulation of a MYB-bHLH-WD40 complex by GSK3-like kinases

    Yinwei Cheng et al.
    Brassinosteroids signal through a pathway involving GSK3-like kinases and the WER-GL3/EGL3-TTG1 transcription factor complex to determine the fate of cells in the root epidermis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Distinct and separable roles for EZH2 in neurogenic astroglia

    William W Hwang et al.
    A number of genes associated with the development of brain tumors are epigenetically repressed in specialized astrocytes to enable the production of neurons in the postnatal brain.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural epigenetic polymorphisms lead to intraspecific variation in Arabidopsis gene imprinting

    Daniela Pignatta et al.
    Individual scientists, scientific communities and scientific journals can do more to assess the publication of irreproducible results, to promote good science, and to increase the efficiency with which the scientific community self-corrects.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Divergent mechanisms regulate conserved cardiopharyngeal development and gene expression in distantly related ascidians

    Alberto Stolfi et al.
    Embryos of distantly related sea squirt species are nearly identical but develop according to different gene regulatory mechanisms.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Trithorax maintains the functional heterogeneity of neural stem cells through the transcription factor Buttonhead

    Hideyuki Komori et al.
    The Drosophila equivalent of the human protein Mixed Lineage Leukemia 1n enables neural stem cells to generate neural progenitors through the fly equivalent of the human transcription factor Sp8, thereby contributing to an increased number and diversity of cell types during brain development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancestral resurrection reveals evolutionary mechanisms of kinase plasticity

    Conor J Howard et al.
    Reconstructing ancestral enzymes has revealed that a switch in kinase substrate preference evolved via an expanded specificity intermediate that is tolerated in vivo, thus providing a path for kinase diversification.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.

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