6,465 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Developmental Biology

    TEADs, Yap, Taz, Vgll4s transcription factors control the establishment of Left-Right asymmetry in zebrafish

    Jonathan Fillatre et al.
    Transcription factors downstream of Hippo signaling control formation of the Left-Right Organizer by regulating major signaling pathways, expression of transcription factors and regulators of epigenetic programming involved in this process.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Differential methylation between ethnic sub-groups reflects the effect of genetic ancestry and environmental exposures

    Joshua M Galanter et al.
    An epigenome-wide study shows that ethnic self-identification and genetically determined ancestry both make important independent contributions to DNA methylation levels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Huntingtin’s spherical solenoid structure enables polyglutamine tract-dependent modulation of its structure and function

    Ravi Vijayvargia et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of full-length huntingtin protein illuminates the impact of the polyglutamine region on its structure and function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A mitofusin-dependent docking ring complex triggers mitochondrial fusion in vitro

    Tobias Brandt et al.
    A combination of an in vitro mitochondrial fusion assay with electron cryo-tomography (cryo-ET) reveals distinct steps and protein complexes during mitofusin-dependent fusion between adjacent mitochondrial outer membranes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Thioredoxin shapes the C. elegans sensory response to Pseudomonas produced nitric oxide

    Yingsong Hao et al.
    C. elegans utilizes bacterially produced nitric oxide as a sensory cue to elicit avoidance of pathogenic bacteria.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Routine single particle CryoEM sample and grid characterization by tomography

    Alex J Noble et al.
    Fiducial-less tomography on single particle cryoEM samples reveals that most particles are adsorbed to the air-water interface and allows for researchers to diagnose and solve sample, grid, ice thickness, collection, and processing issues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Magnetosensitive neurons mediate geomagnetic orientation in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Andrés Vidal-Gadea et al.
    With the aid of a pair of sensory neurons, the nematode worm C. elegans is able to detect the Earth's magnetic field and use it to navigate towards food sources.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ordered arrangement of dendrites within a C. elegans sensory nerve bundle

    Zhiqi Candice Yip, Maxwell G Heiman
    A nerve bundle is not simply a cable of wires, but has order within it.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Determining composition of micron-scale protein deposits in neurodegenerative disease by spatially targeted optical microproteomics

    Kevin C Hadley et al.
    STOMP is a technique that can determine the proteomic composition of any feature that is identifiable by laser scanning microscopy and is at least one cubic micron in size.

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